Skin Care and Treatments of Melbourne Dermatology - Skin Care by Ingredients

86,200+ expert documents for the skincare aficionado.

Home

Account Login/View Cart/Checkout

Perennial / Wisdoms

UV Exposure
Aging Skin and Mature Skin
Theories of Aging
Antioxidants
Sunscreens

Selected Skin Care

Avene
Dibi
Glytone
Heliocare
Kinerase
Kinerase PhotoFacials
Kinerase Pro+
La Roche Posay
MD Rx
Neostrata
OlosPrevage MD
RevaleSkin
Ti-Silc / Z-Silc
Tricomin
VitaMedica
Browse more brands.

Facial Skin Condition Treatments

Adult Acne
Dark Circles
Deep Wrinkles
Hyperpigmentation
Open Pores
Puffy Eyes
Rosacea

Body Skin Condition Treatments

Keratosis Pilaris

Skin Care Ingredients

Alpha Lipoic Acid
Arginine + Serine
Asiatic Acid
Blueberry
Caffeine
Capryloyl Salicylic Acid
Ceramides
Chlorogenic Acid
Chrysin
Coffee Berry
Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid
Mexoryl
Pro-Xylane
Silymarin
Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate
Browse more ingredients.

Clinical Procedures and Topics

Aging Skin
French Skin Care
Idebenone
Klein Becker
Oxidative Stress
Perricone
Skin Structure
Stem Cells
Healthy Skin Barrier Function
Smoking
Sun Protection
Topical Vitamin C/Firming
Choices and Needs
Strivectin

Browse more clinical skincare topics.


Skin Care by Ingredients

Skin Care by Ingredients

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

20% Vitamin C

Thursday, 2 September 2010

Acetone

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Acetyl Tetrapeptide-9

Wednesday, 15 October 2008

Acrylates Copolymer

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer

Saturday, 2 May 2009

Acrysorb (Acrylates Copolymer)

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Actinidia Chinensis (Kiwi) Fruit

Tuesday, 3 March 2009

Adenosine

Adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) consists of adenosine (itself composed of an adenine ring and a ribose sugar) and three phosphate groups (triphosphate).

Monday, 3 August 2009

Alanine/Histidine/Lysine Polypeptide Copper HCl

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Alcohol Denat. (Denatured Alcohol)

Tuesday, 20 November 2007

Alcohols

Pure alcohol is a colourless, volatile flammable liquid that is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks, and is also used as a solvent and as fuel.

Alternative names for alcohol are ethanol and ethyl alcohol.

Alcohol's chemical formula is C 2 H 5 OH.

In chemistry, any organic compound whose molecule contains one or more hydroxyl groups attached to a carbon atom is an alcohol.

The word originates in the middle sixteenth century from the French word "alcool" or from the medieval Latin (from the Arabic) "al-kuhl" for "the kuhl."

In early use the term denoted powders, specifically kohl, and especially those obtained by sublimation.

From the middle seventeenth century also refers to a distilled or rectified spirit.

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Aleurites Fordi

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Aleurites Moluccana (Kukui Nut)

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Alfalfa

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Algae Extract

Algae Extract is derived from a wide variety of plants grown in seawater and fresh water.

Algae Extract helps normalize the skin's moisture content and provides skin-softening, remineralizing vitamins and antioxidants to the skin.

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Allantoin

Allantoin is an soothing and healing agent derived from comfrey.

Allantoin stimulates cellular activity as well as promotes cell regeneration.

Thursday, 21 May 2009

Aloe Barbadensis

Sunday, 10 September 2006

Alpha Hydroxy Acids (A.H.A.s)

Saturday, 12 January 2008

Alpha Lipoic Acid

Friday, 30 November 2007

Alpha Tocopherols

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Alpha-Arbutin

Wednesday, 15 October 2008

Alpha-Tocopheryl Ferulate

Vitamin E as alpha-tocopheryl ferulate may prevent hyperpigmentation by inhibiting tyrosine hydroxylase activity in an indirect manner.

Friday, 26 June 2009

Alumina

Monday, 10 September 2007

Aluminum

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Aminexil

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Aminobutyric Acid

When administered systemically Aminobutyric Acid functions as a neuromuscular inhibitor which reduces excitability of the nerves and produces muscle relaxation.

Saturday, 14 March 2009

Aminoguanidine

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Aminomethyl Propanol

Wednesday, 4 March 2009

Aminopropyl Ascorbyl Phosphate

Saturday, 15 August 2009

Aminosulfonic Acid

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Ammonium Polyacryldimethyltauramide

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Amodimethicone

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Ananas Sativus (Pineapple) Fruit Extract

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Anhydroxylitol

Anhydroxylitol is a natural sugar that has the ability to entrap free water molecules and stimulate the skin’s natural production of hyaluronic acid, while increasing ceramide production and skin’s water content.

Monday, 3 August 2009

Anthemis Nobilis

Saturday, 25 March 2006

Antioxidants

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Apricot

Monday, 10 December 2007

Aqua/Water

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Arachidyl Alcohol

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Arachidyl Glucoside

Sunday, 11 July 2010

Arbutin

Thursday, 12 March 2009

Arginine

Thursday, 27 May 2010

Arginine and Serine

Used together, the amino acids arginine and serine capture water on the skin's surface to smooth and hydrate.

The combination delivers intense comfort for dry mature skin.

Also used in L'Oreal Lash Boosting Serum.

Thursday, 22 November 2007

Arnica

Friday, 28 May 2010

Artemia Salina

An extract from the plankton Artemia salina protects DNA from UV damage and decreases UV-induced inflammatory cytokines, suggesting a way to help sunscreens protect skin from UV damage.

Sunday, 21 June 2009

Ascorbic Acid + Bioflavonoids

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Ascorbyl Glucoside

Sunday, 9 December 2007

Ascorbyl Palmitate

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate

Monday, 22 October 2007

Asiatic Acid

Monday, 22 October 2007

Asiaticoside

Wednesday, 17 September 2008

Aster Family of Plants

Freshly Cut Milk Thistle

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Atelocollagen

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Avena Sativa

Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Extract is a wild oat extract with anti-irritant properties.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Averrhoa Carambola Fruit Extract

Monday, 22 June 2009

Avobenzone

Avobenzone protect against long-wave UVA rays, but may lack stability, depending on overall formulation characteristics.

Skinceuticals Active UV Defense SPF 15 contains 2% photostabilised avobenzone.

Thursday, 7 May 2009

Avobenzone UVA Blocking Sunscreen (Trade Name, Parsol)

Avobenzone protect against long-wave UVA rays, but may lack stability, depending on overall formulation characteristics.

Skinceuticals Active UV Defense SPF 15 contains 2% photostabilised avobenzone.

Monday, 3 January 2011

Azelaic Acid

Azelaic acid is a naturally occurring anti-inflammatory, anti-comedolytic agent, naturally present in the skin, and also found in whole grains.

Used to help resolve acne and rosacea lesions.

Azelaic acid assists in treating hyperpigmentation.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

BHT

BHT is an abbreviation for Butylated Hydroxytoluene.

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

BMX Complex

Friday, 26 June 2009

Bacopa Monniera

Friday, 21 March 2008

Beeswax

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Behentrimonium

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Behenyl Alcohol

Thursday, 7 May 2009

Bemotrizinol

Bemotrizinol (USAN[1], Tinosorb® S, INCI Bis-Ethylhexyloxyphenol Methoxyphenyl Triazine) is an oil soluble chemical which is added to sunscreens to absorb UV rays.

Bemotrizinol is marketed by Ciba Specialty Chemicals as a broad spectrum UV absorber, absorbing UVB as well as UVA rays.

Bemotrizinol is highly photostable.

Even after 50 MED (minimal edemal dose) 98.4% remains intact.

It helps prevent photodegradation of other sunscreen actives.

Bemotrizinol is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration, but is approved in the European Union since the year 2000 and other parts of the world, including Australia.

Unlike some other organic sunscreen actives, it shows no estrogenic effects in vitro.

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Benozyl Peroxide (Micronized)

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Bentonite

Bentonite absorbs toxins and impurities.

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Benzoic Acid

Monday, 10 December 2007

Benzophenone

Saturday, 25 March 2006

Benzoyl Peroxide

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Benzyl Alcohol

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Benzyl Nicotinate

Benzyl Nicotinate (Niacin) imparts a warm, tingling effect on the skin by increasing microcirculation, which causes the skin to flush.

The red flushing occurs due to increased blood flow to the skin, which enhances natural lip color.

Sunday, 10 September 2006

Beta Hydroxy Acids (B.H.A.s)

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Betacarotene

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Betaglucans

Beta glucans originate in the outer cell wall of fungi such as yeast and mushrooms, and also in oats and barley.

They are polysaccharides that consist of many specifically arranged glucose molecules (saccharides) with side chains.

The biological activity of glucans is dependent on the specific arrangement, which can be identified in the detailed nomenclature, eg. beta-1,3-glucan.

Beta glucans modulate wound healing by binding to receptor sites and enhancing the functioning of macrophages and strengthening the skin's self protection mechanism formed by the epidermal Langerhans cells.

Additionally beta glucans prevent skin infections by helping elicit broad anti-infective effects — initiating macrophage release of cytokines and interleukins.

Lastly, the beta-1,3-glucan used in Skinceuticals Epidermal Repair accelerates the renewal rate of the stratum corneum.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Betaines

Betaines maintain moisture, water balance, and promote collagen production through its nature as a glycine betaine, reducing and reversing the negative effects that dehydration stressors have on the skin.

Friday, 22 May 2009

Betula Alba

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Bicarbonates

Wednesday, 22 July 2009

Bilirubin

Wednesday, 18 June 2008

Bimatoprost

Bimatoprost is a synthetic member of the prostaglandin family, a group of signaling molecules produced naturally by the body and all based on a five-membered ring bearing two side chains.

Allergan claims it holds patents in the US and abroad that give it exclusive rights to make prostaglandin-based eyelash treatments, and in November 2007 sued several companies it claimed were infringing its patent.

Later that month, the FDA sent US marshals to seize 12,862 tubes of Jan Marini Age Intervention Eyelash, a product sold by California-based Jan Marini Skin Research that was found to contain bimatoprost.

Monday, 11 May 2009

Bio-Maple (B. Kamins)

Sunday, 15 June 2008

Bioflavonoids

Saturday, 15 August 2009

Bisabolol

Derived from Chamomile, Bisabolol is a soothing agent derived from Chamomile that calms inflammation, soothes burns, and eases irritated skin.

Monday, 8 October 2007

Bisabolol (from Chamomile)

Wednesday, 20 May 2009

Bismuth Oxychloride

Saturday, 21 February 2009

Black Tea

Thursday, 26 November 2009

Blueberry (/Vaccinium Myrtillus)

Blueberry extract slows down the process of advanced glycation end-product (A.G.E.) formation (see glycation), preventing the rigidification of collagen and elastin fibers.

Also known as bilberry.

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Borago Officinalis

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Boron Nitride

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Brassica Campestris

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Brassica Campestris/Aleurites Fordi Oil Copolymer

Monday, 22 June 2009

Bromelain

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Butyl Avocadate

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Butylated Hydroxytoluene

Monday, 10 September 2007

Butylene Glycol

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Butylene/Ethylene/Styrene Copolymer

Monday, 10 September 2007

Butylparaben

Sunday, 9 August 2009

C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer

Sunday, 5 July 2009

C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate

Saturday, 15 August 2009

Caffeic Acid

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Caffeine

Caffeine quickly and effectively constricts blood vessels, making it a useful skin care ingredient for:

Early research indicates that topical and oral caffeine may be photoprotective and anti-carcinogenic, although systemically it is also dehydrating and can exacerbate facial flushing of rosacea and menopause.

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Caffeine Carboxylic Acid

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Calcium

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Calcium Hydroxide

Wednesday, 22 July 2009

Calcium Pantothenate

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Calendula Officinalis

Calendula Officinalis is a botanical with skin healing, soothing, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Monday, 3 August 2009

Camphanediol

Thursday, 13 December 2007

Camphor

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Monday, 16 January 2012

Capryloyl Salicylic Acid

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Caprylyl Methicone

Monday, 6 July 2009

Carbomer

Also see Carbomer 940.

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Carbomer 940

Saturday, 14 March 2009

Carnitine

Thursday, 26 November 2009

Carnosine

Carnosine

Carnosine is an aqueous antioxidant amino acid dipeptide (comprising alanine and histidine) found in muscle tissue.

Research in the 80s demonstrated that applying carnosine to wounds accelerated healing by reacting with damaged proteins, which may be a sign of aging cells.

Carnosine is an agent which addresses oxidation, inflammation and glycation of tissues by AGEs (advanced glycation end-products).

AGEs are molecules which may be just as important as free radicals in initiating the pathological processes associated with aging skin.

Reducing glycation — a chemical process in which sugar binds to proteins such as collagen and elastin — may slow skin aging.

Carnosine is found in the barrier repair product SkinMedica Ceratopic.

Refer Carnosine References.

Saturday, 2 December 2006

Carotenoids

Thursday, 21 May 2009

Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower)

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Cassia

Monday, 29 October 2007

Catalase

Thursday, 7 May 2009

Cell-Ox Shield

Monday, 17 May 2010

Centella Asiatica

Titrated extract of Centella asiatica (TECA) stimulates the synthesis of types I and III collagen by fibroblasts, prevents the excessive proliferation of connective tissue (implicated in keloid and hypertrophic scarring), creates a hostile environment for skin bacteria and fungi and protects sensitive skin against harmful factors while improving tolerance to side effects associated with active ingredients (e.g. retinoids)

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Ceramide 2

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Ceramide 3

Kinerase Pro Plus with Ceramide 3

Approximately 40-50% of a healthy skin's stratum corneum is composed of ceramides, a kind of lipid composed of sphingosine and fatty acid which the skin needs to hold onto water and function correctly.

The use of glycolic acid, cholesterol-lowering medications, cleansers containing sulphates (particularly sodium lauryl sulfate), retinoids and microdermabrasion can reduce skin's ceramide content, leading to drier, uncomfortable skin which repairs itself and responds to active ingredients less efficiently.

For years, it was assumed that ceramides were purely structural elements. One of the most fascinating aspects of ceramide is that it can act as a signaling molecule. The most well-known functions of ceramides as cellular signals include regulating the differentiation, proliferation, programmed cell death and apoptosis of cells.

Ceramide 3 is a human skin-identical ceramide which helps repair and protect skin prone to sensitivity or dryness.

Unlike occlusive moisturizers (e.g. "natural" and mineral oils) and humectants (e.g. sodium hyaluronate) which are only effective so long as they remain on skin, daily application of Ceramide 3 to skin builds up over time to create more persistently humid skin.

Products formulated with Ceramide 3 include Kinerase Pro+ Therapy Cream, Kinerase Pro+ Ultra Rich Night Repair, Nia24 Intensive Recovery Complex and Colorescience F.A.C.E. Liquid Foundations. Several SkinMedica products also contain Ceramide 3 (SkinMedica TNS Hydrating Masque, Ultimate Daily Moisturizer, Body Lotion, SPF 20 and SPF 30).

Millet is a natural source of ceramides, found in Prevage MD and SkinMedica Dermal Repair Cream.

Products containing growth factors (SkinMedica TNS, Citrix CRS), cholecalciferol (PCA pHaze 16+ C-Strength 20%, Exuviance Vespera Bionic Serum) and niacinamide (Nia24, La Roche-Posay Rosaliac) are also claimed to stimulate ceramide production within the skin.

To avoid stripping the skin of ceramides and the other lipids it needs for healthy function, choose gentle cleansers and consider using products containing lipohydroxy and/or lactic acid instead of glycolic acid.

Dietary modifications and supplements (VitaMedica Flax Seed Oil, VitaMedica Dry Skin Formula) can also help enhance the condition of skin prone to dryness or irritation.

Reference: Menon GK, Norlen L. Stratum corneum ceramides and their role in skin barrier function. In: Leyden JJ, Rawlings AV, eds. Skin Moisturization. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2002:31—60.

Saturday, 15 August 2009

Ceramides

Ceramides make up about 40% of the skin's total fat (lipid) content, along with cholesterol and fatty acids.

The triumvirate function to retain skin's moisture and prevent environmental irritation.

The presence of ceramides in skin care products assists the skin's ability to regulate moisture and provide an efficient barrier.

Dietary essential fatty acids are also an important aspect of improving skin's barrier function (and health in general).

Skin care products containing ceramides are generally highly recommended for their ability to replenish and regulate the healthy functioning of the epidermis.

Additional information:

Skin Care Products Containing Ceramides and Further Ceramide Information

Thursday, 21 May 2009

Ceratonia Siliqua (Locust Bean)

Monday, 10 September 2007

Ceteareth-20

Monday, 10 September 2007

Cetearyl Alcohol

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Cetearyl Glucoside

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Ceteth-16

Friday, 27 June 2008

Cetyl Alcohol

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Cetyl Dimethicone Copolyol

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Cetyl Ethylhexanoate

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Cetyl Phosphate

Friday, 15 June 2007

Chicory

Wednesday, 14 November 2007

Chitosan

Saturday, 21 February 2009

Chlorogenic Acid

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Chlorohexidine Digluconate

Wednesday, 14 October 2009

Cholecalciferol

Cholecalciferol is one of the D vitamins, a sterol that is formed by the action of sunlight on dehydrocholesterol in the skin.

Deficiency of this vitamin affects calcium levels, causing rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.

Cholecalciferol is also called vitamin D3 .

Also see Vitamin D.

Friday, 24 July 2009

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is among the triumvirate including fatty acids and ceramides that provide a healthily functioning skin barrier.

Saturday, 5 September 2009

Chrysin

Chrysin eliminates by-products of hemoglobin degradation (iron and bilirubin), which aids in reducing the appearance of dark under eye circles.

Hydroxysuccinimide is another iron-chelating agent.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Cimicifuga Racemosa

Sunday, 2 December 2007

Cinnamon

Wednesday, 8 October 2008

Citral

Sunday, 10 September 2006

Citric Acid

See the definition of citric acid.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange)

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon)

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Citrus Sinensis

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Cocamide MEA

Monday, 10 December 2007

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine

Friday, 26 June 2009

Coco-Glucoside

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Coconut Alcohol

Friday, 26 June 2009

Cocos Nucifera (Coconut)

Saturday, 21 February 2009

Coffea Arabica

Sunday, 27 July 2008

Coffee Berry

Friday, 22 May 2009

Cola Nitida

Saturday, 2 December 2006

Collagen

Wednesday, 19 March 2008

Colloidal Oatmeal

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Comfrey

Allantoin is an active soothing and healing agent derived from Comfrey.

Thursday, 25 June 2009

Copper

Thursday, 25 June 2009

Copper Gluconate

Saturday, 25 March 2006

Copper Peptides

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Copper Sulfate

Monday, 3 August 2009

Copper Tripeptides

Saturday, 2 May 2009

Cortisone

Saturday, 21 February 2009

Coumarin

Monday, 10 September 2007

Crosspolymers

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Cuanidine

Friday, 7 August 2009

Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber)

Cucumis Sativus is an extract with moisture-binding, moisture-regulating, soothing, tightening, anti-itching, and anti-inflammatory properties (for natural skin care.

Friday, 26 June 2009

Cupressus Sempevirens

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Cyclodextrin

Saturday, 4 July 2009

Cyclomethicone

Monday, 10 September 2007

Cyclopentasiloxane

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Cyclotetrasiloxane

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Cysteine

Tuesday, 19 August 2008

D-Alpha Tocopherol

Saturday, 29 December 2007

D-Alpha-Tocopherol

Monday, 15 June 2009

DAE

Also known as Deanol.

Thursday, 28 May 2009

DHA

Skin treated with DHA (dihydroxyacertone), particularly self-tanners, lead to approximately double the free radical generation in skin exposed to UV light than skin free of DHA contact.

Tuesday, 19 August 2008

DL-Alpha Tocopherol

Monday, 10 December 2007

DMDM Hydantoin

Thursday, 22 March 2007

Darphin Skin Care Products containing Aloe Vera

Thursday, 22 March 2007

Darphin Skin Care Products containing Calendula

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Darutoside

Saturday, 25 April 2009

Deanol

Also known as DMAE or DAE.

Dimethylaminoethanol or dimethylethanolamine is an organic compound.

This compound also goes by the names of N,N-dimethyl-2-aminoethanol, beta-dimethylaminoethyl alcohol, beta-hydroxyethyldimethylamine and Deanol.

It is a liquid with a color that ranges from clear to pale-yellow.

Thursday, 27 May 2010

Diatomaceous Earth

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Diazolidinyl Urea

Thursday, 13 December 2007

Diazolidinyls

Monday, 6 July 2009

Diglycerin

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Diisopropyl Dimer Dilinoleate

Sunday, 10 September 2006

Dimethicone

Monday, 3 August 2009

Dimethicone Copolyol

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Dimethiconol

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Dimethoxydiphenylsilane/Triethoxycaprylylsilane Crosspolymer

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Dimethyl Lauramine Isostearate

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Dipalmitoyl Hydroxyproline

Dipalmitoyl Hydroxyproline is a plant-derived amino acid with multifunctional anti-aging activities that promote the production of Tissue Inhibitors of Metalloproteinase (TIMPs) which are able to suppress the synthesis of Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs), enzymes involved in extracellular matrix degradation.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Dipeptide Diaminobutyroyl Benzylamide Diacetate

Monday, 3 August 2009

Dipeptide-2

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Disodium Cocamphodiacetate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Disodium EDTA

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Disodium PEG-12 Dimethicone Sulfosuccinate

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Distarch Phosphate

Sunday, 10 May 2009

Docosyloxymethoxybenzyl Azafullerenedione

Monday, 10 September 2007

EGF — Epidermal Growth Factor

Monday, 16 January 2012

EUK-134

Synthetic manganese-porphyrin complexes have been documented to act as scavengers for oxidative species such as peroxynitrite, superoxide, and hydrogen peroxide.

EUK 134 is a salen-manganese complex that has been modified to increase its catalase activity while retaining SOD activity.

EUK 134 consumes hydrogen peroxide with an initial reaction rate of 234 ĶM/min in vitro.1

EUK 134 is protective in a rat stroke model, employing middle cerebral artery ligation.

At 2.5 mg/kg, rats treated with EUK 134 showed reduced infarct volume by more than 80%.

EUK 134 at 10 mg/kg also significantly attenuates brain damage in rats following systemic administration of kainic acid.

Thursday, 7 May 2009

Ecamsule

Thursday, 20 March 2008

Ectoin

Ectoin

Ectoin is a natural substance proven to prevent UVA-induced premature photoaging.

Ectoin prevents UVA-induced second messenger release, transcription factor AP-2 activation, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression and mitochondrial DNA mutation (such as thymine dimers) at different cell levels (see the clinical node Understanding Photoprotection).

Products containing Ectoin are excellent companions to Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin C Serums containing Ferulic Acid, for example Skinceuticals C E Ferulic.

Related download: The Science Supporting Ectoin.

Saturday, 2 December 2006

Elastin

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Emulsifying Wax

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Emulsifying Wax NF

Monday, 6 July 2009

Epilobium Angustifolium

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Ergothioneine

Ergothioneine

Discovered in 1909 and named after ergot fungus, Ergothioneine (EGT) is a sulfur-containing amino acid obtained exclusively from the diet presumed to function as a natural antioxidant against UV-induced hydrogen peroxide responsible for oxidative and DNA damage.

Foods rich in ergothioneine include black and red beans and some species of mushrooms.

The chemistry of ergothioneine differs from conventional sulfur-containing antioxidants such as glutathione and alpha lipoic acid.

Skin cells and tissue are capable of using ergothioneine as an integral component of their antioxidant defense system.

Ergothioneine suppresses the expression of MMP-1 (proteins involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix) and reduce inflammation.

Ergothioneine protects mitochondrial membranes against oxidation by transferring fatty acids into the mitochondria to help use oxygen efficiently and to produce more energy.

Ergothioneine also protects DNA from the oxidation of guanine.

Ergothioneine is available in a variety of Kinerase products (Hydrating Antioxidant Mist, Lip Treatment, Pro+ Cream, Pro+ Lotion), Cellex-C Advanced-C Neck Firming Cream, Advanced-C Serum and SkinMedica TNS Essential Serum.

Various IS Clinical products contain mushroom extracts containing ergothioneine.

Alternate scavengers of UV-induced hydrogen peroxide include EUK-134 (found in Alyria Corrective Protection SPF 30) and green tea polyphenols (available in highest (90%) concentration in Replenix).

Tuesday, 16 September 2008

Estradiol

Saturday, 28 March 2009

Ethocyn

Tuesday, 5 August 2008

Ethoxydiglycol

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Ethylene/Propylene/Styrene Copolymer

Monday, 15 June 2009

Ethylhexyl Palmitate

Ethylhexyl Palmitate is an emollient.

Monday, 3 August 2009

Ethylhexylglycerin

Monday, 10 September 2007

Ethylparaben

Saturday, 10 July 2010

Eugenol

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Evodia Eutaecarpa Fruit Extract

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Fennel

Friday, 26 August 2011

Ferulic Acid

Ferulic Acid

Ferulic acid is a botanical antioxidant which helps ameliorate the reliability and degree of protection sunscreens offer in preventing premature aging and cancerous changes.

Ferulic acid is a prime botanical antioxidant indicated for individuals of all skin types and conditions over the age of 25.

Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) present in daylight is responsible for the majority of damage to the skin (about 90%) that results in premature (unnecessary and preventable) aging and skin cancer.

The use of botanical antioxidants in dermatology is growing in popularity because they protect the skin in ways sunscreens and UV-protective clothing cannot.

It is now recognized that even the best sunscreens are only able to prevent around 50% of premature skin aging (fine and deep lines, losses in firmness, contour and the development of hyperpigmentation, among other symptoms and conditions), even if used generously and reapplied throughout the day.

Antioxidants such as ferulic acid protect the entire skin structure, in particular the dermis, where capillaries, collagen and elastin are located, well beyond the reach of superficial sunscreens.

Ferulic acid at a concentration of 0.5% and pH 3.2, as used in Skinceuticals AOX+ Serums, is a botanical agent with a proven ability to prevent permanent skin damage by routine daily exposure to daylight.

Ferulic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid largely present in plants and also in vegetable foods, such as olives, olive oil, blueberries and blackberries.

Lyophilized extract of the plant Capparis spinosa obtained by methanolic extraction from its flowering buds contains abundant amounts of ferulic acid.

Ferulic acid has been shown to protect phospholipidic biomembranes from UV light-induced peroxidation and to afford significant protection to the skin against UVB-induced erythema in human volunteers.

Topical application of whole Capparis spinosa extract has been shown to reduce UVB-induced skin erythema in healthy humans.

Skincare products containing ferulic acid are used daily, each morning before Sunscreen.

Topical Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid, 10% and higher, pH 3.2) also protects against UV Damage.

Skinceuticals AOX+ Serums combine ascorbic with ferulic acid at the right strength in absorbable formulas for greater effects than either ingredient alone (C E Ferulic is especially notable, proven to provide 8 times the skin's normal protection, even without sunscreen use, readily outperforming even Idebenone).

Along with ascorbic acid, ferulic acid is now an integral part of broken capillary treatment protocols, hyperpigmentation treatment, provision of maximum possible protection against premature aging (particularly in individuals with prohibitive allergies to chemical sunscreens) and restoring/developing skin firmness, colour and tone to optimal levels.

Selection of Ferulic Acid References:

Available to patients on request.

Huang MT, Smart RC, Wong CQ, et al. Inhibitory effect of curcumin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, and ferulic acid on tumor promotion in mouse skin by 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol13-acetate. Cancer Res 1988; 48: 5941-5946.

Saija A, Tomaino A, Trombetta D, et al. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of caffeic and ferulic acids as topical photoprotective agents. Int J Pharm 2000; 199: 39-47.


Further information:


Thursday, 5 March 2009

Feverfew

Recently, feverfew has been used by the Aveeno skincare brand to calm red and irritated skin.

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium; syn. Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.) Pers., Pyrethrum parthenium Sm.) is a traditional medicinal herb which is found in many old gardens, and is also occasionally grown for ornament. The plant grows into a small bush up to around 18 inches high, with citrus-scented leaves and is covered by flowers reminiscent of daisies. It spreads rapidly, and they will cover a wide area after a few years. It is also commonly seen in the literature by its synonyms, Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.) Bernh. and Pyrethrum parthenium (L.) Sm.

Feverfew has been used for reducing fever, for treating headaches, arthritis and digestive problems.

It is hypothesized that by inhibiting the release of serotonin and prostaglandins, both of which are believed to aid the onset of migraines, feverfew limits the inflammation of blood vessels in the head.

This would, in theory, stop the blood vessel spasm which is believed to contribute to headaches. The active ingredients in feverfew include parthenolide and tanetin. Capsules or tablets of feverfew generally contain at least 205 mcg. parthenolide; however, it might take four to six weeks before they become effective, and feverfew is not a remedy for acute migraine attacks.

Parthenolide has also been found recently in 2005 to induce cell death in leukemia cancer stem cells.

Adverse effects include: gastrointestinal distress, mouth ulcers, and antiplatelet actions.

If feverfew is taken for any length of time as a medicinal herb, sudden discontinuation can result in a withdrawal syndrome consisting of headache, irritability, trouble sleeping and joint pain. As with any other medicinal herb, consult with a knowledgeable practitioner before beginning treatment with this herb.

Feverfew was native to Eurasia; specifically the Balkan Peninsula, Anatolia and the Caucasus, but cultivation has spread it around the world and it is now also found in Europe, the Mediterranean, North America and Chile.

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Fibroblast Growth Factor

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Flavor

Sunday, 2 December 2007

Flaxseed

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Fragrance

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Fructose

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Garcinia Mangostana Extract

Wednesday, 3 September 2008

Ginger

Wednesday, 14 November 2007

Gingko/Ginkgo (Biloba)

Gingko/Ginkgo Biloba contains substantial amounts of the powerful antioxidant quercetin.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo Biloba Extract is a powerful antioxidant and circulation enhancer that helps combat the visible effects of aging.

A highly effective free radical scavenger, it also protects against environmental pollutants.

Monday, 26 November 2007

Ginseng

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Gluconolactone

Tuesday, 3 March 2009

Glucosamine

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Glucosamine HCL

Monday, 22 October 2007

Glucose

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Glutamine

Friday, 28 December 2007

Glutathione

Glutathione is a compound involved as a coenzyme in oxidation—reduction reactions in cells.

It is a tripeptide derived from glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine.

Sunday, 7 June 2009

Glycerin

As a humectant, glycerin absorbs water from the air and delivers it to the skin.

6% glycerin is available in La Roche-Posay Toleriane Soothing Protective Skincare Cream.

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Glyceryl Polyacrylate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Glyceryl Polymethacrylate

Monday, 10 September 2007

Glyceryl Stearate

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Glycine

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Glycine Soja

Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil is rich in essential fatty acids.

Glycine Soja is used in cosmetics for its hydrating and conditioning properties.

Glycine Soja is quickly absorbed by the skin and a significant amount remains on your skin even after washing.

Monday, 13 July 2009

Glycogen

Glycogen is a substance deposited in bodily tissues as a store of carbohydrates.

Glycogen is a polysaccharide that forms glucose on hydrolysis.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Glycol Distearate

Thursday, 1 April 2010

Glycolic Acid

Glycolic Acid, the smallest molecule of the AHAs, accelerates the skin’s own natural shedding process.

Known as the exfoliant of choice, glycolic acid helps smooth the surface of dry, sun-damaged or aging skin, improving roughness and minimizing fine lines by removing the build-up of dead skin cells on the surface of the skin.

Monday, 6 July 2009

Glycolipids

Sunday, 10 September 2006

Glycosaminoglycans

Tuesday, 23 June 2009

Glycosides

Glycosides are compounds formed from a simple sugar and another compound by replacement of a hydroxyl group in the sugar molecule.

Many drugs and poisons derived from plants are glycosides.

"Glyco" means relating to sugar.

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Glycyrrhetinic Acid

Glycyrrhetinic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenoid derivative of the beta-amyrin type obtained from the hydrolysis of glycyrrhizic acid, which was obtained from the herb liquorice.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice)

Glycyrrhiza Glabra is an anti-irritant with skin brightening effects.

Thursday, 25 June 2009

Gotu Kola

Wednesday, 20 May 2009

Grapefruit

Citrus Grandis.

Monday, 10 September 2007

Green Tea (Camellia Oleifera) Extract (Japanese)

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Extract

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extracts may reduce skin redness, suppress skin inflammation and irritation while providing antioxidant properties that help protect cells from free radical damage initiated by environmental factors.

Monday, 3 August 2009

Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride

Thursday, 23 July 2009

HDI/Trimethylol Hexyllactone Crosspolymer

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Hamamelis Viginiana (Witch Hazel)

Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract is a solution traditionally used in topical treatments of burns, sunburns, skin irritations, insect bites, and bruises.

Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract has anti-inflammatory and wound-healing abilities, and is mildly astringent to help reduce the appearance of enlarged pores.

Thursday, 22 November 2007

Hawthorn (Crataegus)

Wednesday, 14 November 2007

Heparin

Monday, 3 August 2009

Hesperidin Methyl Chalcone

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Hexyl Laurate

Wednesday, 6 May 2009

Homosalate

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Honey

Friday, 22 May 2009

Hordeum Distichon (Barley)

Thursday, 22 November 2007

Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

Monday, 3 December 2007

Horsetail — Equisetum Arvense (Silica)

Horsetail is a plant source of silica.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Human Fibroblast Conditioned Media

Human Fibroblast Conditioned Media is a unique product which capitalizes on the physiological advantage of many tissue growth factors in one solution that interact.

Saturday, 2 December 2006

Hyaluronic Acid

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Hydrocortisone

Thursday, 28 May 2009

Hydrogenated Castor Oil

From Ricinus Communis.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Hydrogenated Jojoba Oil

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Hydrogenated Lanolin

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Hydrogenated Polyisobutene

Hydrogenated Polyisobutene is an excellent non-irritating, non-greasy emollient and moisturizing shine enhancer.

Restores skin suppleness, prevents water loss (waterproofing agent), and serves as a pigment-dispersing agent.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Hydrogenated Soybean

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Hydrolyzed Collagen

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Hydrolyzed Elastin

Monday, 3 August 2009

Hydrolyzed Glycosaminoglycans

Monday, 10 August 2009

Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid

Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid

Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid is a low molecular weight, low particle sized hyaluronic acid.

Unlike conventional hyaluronic acid, Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid has the ability to penetrate the skin’s stratum corneum and does not wash off.

Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid remains in the skin to trap water and deliver enhanced moisture into the epidermis.

Monday, 3 August 2009

Hydrolyzed Keratin

Monday, 3 August 2009

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

Monday, 1 September 2008

Hydroquinone

Thursday, 13 December 2007

Hydroxybenzoates

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyl Dimethyl Taurate Crosspolymer

Saturday, 15 August 2009

Hydroxyethyl Urea

Saturday, 15 August 2009

Hydroxyethyl Urea/Aminosulfonic Acid

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Hydroxyethylcellulose

Monday, 9 November 2009

Hydroxyethylpiperazine Ethane Sulfonic Acid

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Hydroxypropyl Bispalmitamide MEA

Hydroxypropyl Bispalmitamide MEA (Ceramide) is a skin barrier agent that promotes the intercellular lipid lamellar structure of the stratum corneum layer improving skin care with emollient and moisture-retaining effects.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose

Sunday, 23 May 2010

Hydroxypropyl Tetrahydropyrantriol

Hydroxypropyl Tetrahydropyrantriol is more commonly known by the trade name Pro-Xylane, the proprietary of L'Oreal.

Hydroxypropyl Tetrahydropyrantriol is found in several products from L'Oreal and Garniere at concentrations below 5%.

Hydroxypropyl Tetrahydropyrantriol is found in 5% concentration in La Roche-Posay Substiane and in a 30% concentration in Skinceuticals AGE Interrupter and Skinceuticals AGE Eye Complex.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Hydroxysuccinimide

Hydroxysuccinimide is an iron-chelating agent which helps eliminate blood cell pigments that contribute to dark circles around the eyes.

Monday, 8 October 2007

Hypericum

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Idebenone

Also known as hydroxydecyl ubiquinone (a form of Co-enzyme Q10).

Friday, 22 May 2009

Ilex Paraguariensis

Friday, 14 December 2007

Imidurea

Friday, 15 June 2007

Imperata Cylindrica (Cogongrass)

Friday, 12 February 2010

Injuv

Injuv is a low molecular weight hyaluronic acid.

Hyaluronic acid is a key building-block of joint tissues and helps maintain moisture in joint and skin tissue.

Injuv helps to alleviate the appearance of fine lines, improves joint health and the quality of the synovial fluid.

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Inositol

Wednesday, 22 July 2009

Iron

Wednesday, 20 May 2009

Iron Oxides

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Isobutylparaben

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Isoceteth-20

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Isoceteth-20

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Isoparaffin

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Isopropyl Palmitate

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Isopropyl Titanium Triisostearate/Triethoxycaprylylsilane Crosspolymer

Monday, 6 July 2009

Isostearyl Behenate

Wednesday, 20 May 2009

Jasmine

King of the oils used in skincare, it takes 8000 carefully handpicked flowers to produce just one gram of Jasmine Oil.

Jasmine is sought for its potential to increase elasticity and tone troubled skin.

Jasmine Oil is available in Darphin's 8 Flower Nectar and Jasmine Aromatic Care.

Thursday, 21 May 2009

Juglans Regia (Walnut)

Monday, 10 September 2007

KGF — Keratinocyte Growth Factor

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Kalaya

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Kaolin

Tuesday, 25 March 2008

Karkade / Hibiscus (Flower Extract) and Other

Karkade is a tart, bright-red hibiscus beverage that can be served hot or chilled with ice (when cold, it is often commonly referred to as Einab). It is very popular in some parts of the Middle East (especially North Africa). This drink is said to have been consumed in ancient Egypt and was reputedly a preferred drink of pharaohs. In Egypt and Sudan, wedding celebrations are traditionally toasted with a glass of hibiscus tea. On a typical street in downtown Cairo, one can find many vendors and open-air cafés selling the drink to both the local crowd and curious tourists.

In Africa, especially the Sahel, roselle is commonly used to make a sugary herbal tea that is commonly sold on the street. The dried flowers can be found in every market. In the Caribbean the drink, called sorrel, is made from the fresh fruit, and it is considered an integral part of Christmas celebrations. The Caribbean Development Company, a Trinidad and Tobago brewery, produces a Shandy Sorrel in which the tea is combined with beer.

In Thailand, roselle is drunk as a tea, believed to also reduce cholesterol. It can also be made into a delicious wine - especially if combined with Chinese tea leaves—in the ratio of 1:4 by weight (1/4 Chinese tea). It is also drunk cold and sugared.

Variations on the drink are also popular in West Africa. In Senegal, jus de bissap is known as the "national drink of Senegal". Similar beverages include wanjo in The Gambia and zobo or tsobo in northern Nigeria.

In Egypt, karkade is used as a means to lower blood pressure if consumed in high amounts.

Friday, 12 February 2010

Kinetin

Kinetin is a plant-based extract found in the blue anemone flower and the trade name for N6-furfuryladenine available in Kinerase products from Valeant Pharmaceuticals.

Kinetin is a claimed to be an alternative to retinoids like retinoic acid, Skinceuticals Retinol, Avene Retrinal Creams (which contain retinaldehyde) and Biomedic (La Roche Posay) Retinol Creams which are known to cause peeling/flaking and redness.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Kojic Acid

Kojic Acid is a mushroom derivative used as a skin-lightening agent in Japan.

Studies have shown it to be a tyrosinase inhibitor.

Saturday, 15 August 2009

Kombuchka

Sunday, 9 August 2009

L-Ascorbic Acid

Sunday, 10 September 2006

L-Ascorbic Acid Serums

Monday, 28 January 2008

Lactic Acid

Lactic acid draws water up from the dermis to hydrate cells at the surface.

Monday, 26 November 2007

Lactobacillus

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Lactobionic Acid

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Laneth-16

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Lanolin

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Lanosterol

Monday, 8 October 2007

Laureth

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Lavandin

Sunday, 19 October 2008

Lavender (Lavandula Angustifolia)

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Lavendula Hybrida

Tuesday, 3 March 2009

Lecithin

Tuesday, 25 March 2008

Lemon

Friday, 21 March 2008

Licorice / Liquorice

Wednesday, 17 February 2010

Lignans

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Limnanthes Alba

Wednesday, 8 October 2008

Linalool

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Linoleamidopropyl Ethyl Dimonium Ethosulfate

Monday, 10 September 2007

Linoleic Acid

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Linolenic Acid

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Lipohydroxy Acid (LHA)

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Litchi Chinensis Fruit Extract

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Lodopropynyl Butylcarbamate

Friday, 15 June 2007

Loofah/Luffa Cylindrica

Thursday, 3 January 2008

Lutein

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Lycopene

Friday, 22 May 2009

Lycopersicum (Tomato)

Friday, 22 May 2009

Macadamia Integrifolia

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Macadamia Ternifolia

Monday, 3 August 2009

Macrocytis Pyrifera (Kelp)

Monday, 22 October 2007

Madecassic Acid

Thursday, 4 June 2009

Madecassoside

Monday, 10 September 2007

Magnesium

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Magnesium Aluminum Silicate

Wednesday, 19 December 2007

Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Magnesium Aspartate

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Malachite

Sunday, 10 September 2006

Malic Acid

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Malonate

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Malonic Acid

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Maltodextrin

Friday, 15 June 2007

Mamaku New Zealand Fern

Monday, 10 December 2007

Mandarin

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Mandelic Acid

Friday, 26 June 2009

Manganese

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Manganese Gluconate

Friday, 7 August 2009

Mango Butter

Mango Butter prevents drying of the skin and restores elasticity.

Wednesday, 20 May 2009

Matricaria (Chamomilla Recutita)

Sometimes referred to as azuline/azulene.

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Matrixyl

Matrixyl

Alyria Intense Wrinkle Correction contains 5% Matrixyl (the highest percentage available) and Retinol, among other ingredients.


Matrixyl is the trademark name for palmitoyl pentapeptide. , a substance held to be as effective as retinol in repairing sun-damaged skin but devoid of its side-effects.

It was originally named palmitoyl pentapeptide-3 and later renamed to palmitoyl pentapeptide-4 to reflect a correction in the data on its molecular structure.

Matrixyl, also known as Pal-KTTKS, is a lipopeptide, a fatty acid mixed with amino acids.

Similar to copper peptides, Matrixyl stimulates the lower layers of the skin to heal themselves.

Matrixyl stimulates the "matrix" substances of the skin — primarily collagen and fibronectin.

When stimulated, the skin produces more collagen.

Loss of collagen is what leads to thinning skin and the wrinkling of newly inelastic skin.

Matrixyl helps to counteract this natural part of the aging skin process.

A six-month study revealed that Matrixyl temporarily produces “a highly significant reduction in the deep and moderate wrinkles.”

Matrixyl was shown to:

Patients who had used Matrixyl throughout the study experienced dramatic results.

The longer the patients used Matrixyl the better the cumulative improvement became over six months.

Monday, 10 September 2007

Meadowfoam

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Melaleuca Alternifolia

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Menthol

Menthol is a naturally occurring oil derived from mint leaves, used for its cooling, anti-irritant, anti-itching properties in skin care.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Menthyl Lactate

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Methosulfate

Thursday, 13 December 2007

Methoxydibenzoylmethane

Wednesday, 15 October 2008

Methyl Dihydroxybenzoate

According to Allergan, methyl dihydroxybenzoate reduces hyperpigmentation by interfering with the production of melanin rather than inhibiting tyrosinase.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Methyl Gluceth-20

Tuesday, 18 December 2007

Methylbenzylidene

Also known as Avobenzone/Parsol and Eusolex 6300.

Studies have raised the issue that 4-MBC acts an endocrine disruptor.

There is controversy about the estrogenic effects of 4-MBC and while one study showed only a relatively minor effect, a study in Switzerland showed significant uterine growth in immature rodents.

In addition, there is some evidence that 4-MBC may suppress the pituitary-thyroid axis leading to hypothyroidism.

The agent can also lead to a photoallergic dermatitis.

Wednesday, 15 October 2008

Methylisothiazoinone

Monday, 10 September 2007

Methylparaben

Monday, 10 September 2007

Methylsilanol Mannuronate

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Metronidazole

Saturday, 15 August 2009

Mexoryl

Mexoryl is the trademarked named for the sunscreen drug also referred to as Ecamsule and Terephythalylidene Dicamphor Sulfonic Acid which is water soluble and inherently photostable.

Mexoryl provides superior protection against short UVA rays, is highly photostable and the first sun filter available in a sunscreen formula approved by the US FDA in eighteen years (11/07).

Mexoryl has the ability to block the entire range of short UVA rays (20-340 nm), with maximum protection occurring at 340 nm.

Anthelios 40 Sunscreen Cream contains 3% Mexoryl SX — the highest concentration currently available.

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Mica

Tuesday, 23 June 2009

Micronized Minerals

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Micronized Skin Care Ingredients

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Milk Lipids

Friday, 24 July 2009

Millet

Millet contains ceramides.

It prevents water loss from the stratum corneum and optimizes cell to cell adhesion.

Friday, 21 March 2008

Mimosa

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Minoxidil

Sunday, 2 December 2007

Mints

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Mitracarpus Scaber

Tuesday, 19 August 2008

Mixed Tocopherols

Friday, 22 May 2009

Morus Alba

Wednesday, 14 October 2009

Morus Bombycis

Also known as Mulberry (typically, root extract).

Wednesday, 14 October 2009

Mulberry

Also known as Morus Bombycis.

Tuesday, 23 June 2009

Mushroom(s)

Tuesday, 13 July 2010

Myristic Acid

Monday, 10 September 2007

Myristoyls

Thursday, 2 September 2010

Myristyl Nicotinate

Myristyl nicotinate, also known as Pro-Niacin™, is a patented structure made of nicotinic acid with an added lipophilic tail.

Myristyl nicotinate enables optimal penetration of nicotinic acid through the lipid-rich stratum corneum, deep within skin to deliver niacin to the lower epidermal layers where skin cells divide.

Myristyl nicotinate works with receptors in the upper layers of the skin to give it greater protection from the sun.

Myristyl nicotinate appears to increase the amount of ultraviolet light that you can be exposed to before you get a sunburn by 10-20%, providing biological SPF.

The Pro-Niacinmolecule is one of the best breakthroughs in years in terms of enhancing skin health.

In two preliminary clinical trials, topical myristyl nicotinate creams also strengthened the skin's barrier.

Thursday, 2 July 2009

N6-Furfuryladenine

Discovered in 1955, N6-Furfuryladenine is a natural plant growth factor — a cytokine — first shown to promote growth and retard the aging process in plants.

Plant cuttings dipped in a solution that contains N6-Furfuryladenine remain green and grow vigorously, while untreated cuttings have a tendency to turn brown and struggle to develop roots.

From 1996, researchers have shown that N6-Furfuryladenine exists naturally in the DNA of almost all organisms, including human cells.

N6-Furfuryladenine is marketed as a natural evolution of antiaging treatment with similar effects in vitro on human skin cells as that in plants, helping to slow and reverse alterations that naturally occur in the cell-aging process.

Researchers have reported substantial anti-aging effects on plants, fruit flies and cultured human skin cells.

In laboratory experiments, the life span of human skin cells has been shown to be greatly increased in the presence of N6-Furfuryladenine.

N6-Furfuryladenine is commonly known as Kinetin (Valeant Pharmaceuticals) and is found in the Kinerase and Kinerase Pro+ collections of products.

Wednesday, 20 May 2009

Neroli (Orange Blossom)

Citrus Aurantum.

Tuesday, 27 July 2010

Niacin

Also known as Vitamin B3.

The deepest-penetrating niacin-based skincare is presently made by Niadyne.

Tuesday, 16 February 2010

Niacinamide

Niacinamide has a role in the healthy functioning of just about every cell in your body.

Niacinamide works by increasing cell energy so it can better repair DNA.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Nickel

Tuesday, 27 July 2010

Nicotinamide

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Nicotinic Acid

Nicotinic Acid is a vitamin of the B complex that is widely distributed in foods such as milk and wheat germ and can be synthesized in the body from tryptophan.

Its deficiency causes pellagra.

Alternative name: 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid.

Chemical formula: (C 5 H 4 N)COOH.

Found primarily in skin care made by Nia 24 and Gernetic.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Nonoxynol-10

Thursday, 23 July 2009

NouriCel-MD

Sunday, 2 December 2007

Nutmeg

Monday, 22 October 2007

Nymphae Alba Flower

Nymphae Alba flower extracts soothe skin and reduce discomfort sensations such as stinging and erythema that can occur when skin is exposed to environmental chemicals, cleanser surfactants such as sodium laureth sulfate, or potentially sensitizing ingredients such as glycolic acid or retinoids.

Nymphae Alba assists in combating the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, a biological reaction in the event of trauma to the skin.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Oats

Thursday, 28 May 2009

Octinoxate

Also known as octyl methoxycinnamate/cinnimate and ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate.

Wednesday, 29 April 2009

Octisalate

Monday, 26 November 2007

Octocrylene

Octocrylene protects against the full UVB range and stabilises avobenzone.

Saturday, 15 December 2007

Octyl Methoxycinnamate/Cinnimate

Also known as octinoxate.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Octyl Palmitate

Thursday, 28 May 2009

Octyl Salicylate

Also known as (2-)ethylhexyl salicylate.

Friday, 14 December 2007

Octyl Triazone

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Octyldodecyl Lactate

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Octyldodecyl Neopentanoate

Thursday, 21 May 2009

Oenothera Biennis (Evening Primrose)

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Oleth-16

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Olive (Olea Europaea)

Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit (usually oil) is a deeply penetrating skin conditioner containing a high concentration of Vitamin E.

Monday, 6 July 2009

Oryza Sativa

Tuesday, 1 September 2009

Oryzanol

Oryzanol is a mixture of substances derived from rice bran including sterols and ferulic acid.

Monday, 6 July 2009

Oxido Reductases

Monday, 22 June 2009

Oxofulleram

Oxofulleram

Combray dropper containing Oxofulleram and Grape Seed Oil.
Image Source: Solenne.


Oxofulleram (Docosyloxymethoxybenzyl Azafullerenedione) is a lipophilic (oil-soluble) C60 fullerene-derived ketolactam unique to Combray, developed by Solenne of The Netherlands.

Oxofulleram has been shown to be highly effective at reducing the appearance of free radical damage such as that associated with age, sun, and inflammation.

Oxofulleram is derived from a pure form of carbon called fullerene.

Forms of fullerene are being investigated as antioxidants in the treatment and prevention of Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Multiple Sclerosis and aging.

Oxofulleram is especially notable for not becoming a free radical in the process of acting as an antioxidant — it is free of pro-oxidant effects seen in antioxidants such as Vitamins E and C.

Oxofulleram is also stable — unlike the majority of Vitamin C serums and some other antioxidants, it does not degrade by oxidation before reaching the end-user.

Oxofulleram is a gentle yet potent anti-inflammatory, making it suitable for all skin types and conditions, including rosacea and psoriasis.

Tuesday, 18 December 2007

Oxybenzone

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Ozokerite

Tuesday, 18 December 2007

PABA

Sunday, 9 August 2009

PEG-100 Stearate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

PEG-12

Thursday, 23 July 2009

PEG-20 Methyl Glucose Sesquistearate

Monday, 22 June 2009

PEG-4 Dilaurate

PEG-4 Dilaurate is a surfactant.

Monday, 22 June 2009

PEG-4 Laurate

PEG-4 Laurate is a surfactant.

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

PEG-7 Trimethylolpropane Coconut Ether

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

PEG-75

Thursday, 23 July 2009

PEG/PPG-18/18 Dimethicone

Sunday, 9 August 2009

PHA (Poly Hydroxy Acid)

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Padina Pavonica

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Padina Pavonica Thallus Extract

Tuesday, 16 February 2010

Palmitoyl Glycine

Palmitoyl glycine (PG) has been shown to prevent aging-induced gene expression involved in the inflammation pathways and the extra cellular matrix-degrading enzyme MMP-1 and tenascin, which is involved in the remodelling of the extra cellular matrix.

Friday, 22 May 2009

Palmitoyl Hexapeptide

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Palmitoyl Oligopeptide

Palmitoyl Oligopeptide is a synthetic tripeptide compatible with human skin.

Palmitoyl Oligopeptide is known to stimulate cell growth, matrix and connective tissues, and helps to reduce depth, length and volume of wrinkles and increase skin thickness.

Monday, 1 June 2009

Palmitoyl Pentapeptide

A five-sided molecule.

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7

Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7 is a messenger molecule (matrikine) of cutaneous restructure and repair that activate the neosynthesis of the extracellular matrix and increase cell proliferation, providing a visible anti-wrinkle efficacy and are capable of regulating cell activities.

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5

Monday, 10 September 2007

Palmitoyls

Monday, 6 July 2009

Pansy

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Pantethine

Pantethine (bis-pantethine or co-enzyme pantethine) is a dimeric form of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5).

It is composed of two molecules of pantothenic acid linked by cysteamine bridging groups.

The monomer of this compound is known as pantetheine and is an intermediate in the production of Coenzyme A by the body.

Pantethine is considered the more biologically active form of vitamin B5, but it is less stable, decomposing over time if it is not kept refrigerated.

Most vitamin B5 supplements are therefore in the form of calcium pantothenate, a salt of pantothenic acid.

Refer panthenol.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Panthenol

Also known as Provitamin B-5 Panthenol is a deep-penetrating skin care agent that binds moisture to surface skin layers.

Soothing and anti-inflammatory, Panthenol helps stimulate cellular proliferation and promote normal skin keratinization.

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Paraben-Free Skin Care

Monday, 8 October 2007

Passiflora

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Passiflora Incarnata

Friday, 22 May 2009

Paullinia Cupana

Thursday, 25 June 2009

Pennywort

Tuesday, 3 March 2009

Pentaerythrityl Tetraethylhexanoate

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Pentaerythrityl Tetraisostearate

Monday, 10 September 2007

Pentapeptides

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Pentavitin

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Peppermint

Sunday, 15 March 2009

Peptides (in Product Ingredients)

Monday, 29 October 2007

Peroxidase

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Persea Gratissima (Avocado)

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Petrolatum

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Petroleum

Monday, 10 September 2007

Phenoxyethanol

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Phenyl Trimethicone

Monday, 22 June 2009

Phloretin

Phloretin is a potent bioflavonoid, a polyphenolic compound, the aglucone portion of phlorizin (by decomposition), found in the bark of apple, pear and grapefruit trees.

Although extensively studied and non-toxic (even if systemically administered), until recently no medicinal use for phloretin appears to have been forthcoming.

Phloretin is split from phlorizin by acid hydrolysis or may be made synthetically.

Phloretin has been shown to inhibit nearly 80% of the elastin destroying enzyme elastase, although it is not the only bioflavonoid to show anti-elastase activity.

Potent antioxidant effects inhibiting age spots and activation of cell renewal have been demonstrated by phloretin.

Phloretin prevents the entrance of glucose into skin cells and therefore prevents glycogen formation and produces glycogen depletion.

Phloretin may also have antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory uses.

Phlorizin is approximately 85 times less potent than phloretin (similar to stilbesterol).

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Phosphatidylcholine

Monday, 26 November 2007

Phospholipids

Skin care products containing phospholipids are those with a lipid containing a phosphate group as part of their molecular structure.

Monday, 3 August 2009

Phyllanthus Emblica

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Phytantriol

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Phytic Acid

Monday, 3 August 2009

Phytonadione

Also known as Vitamin K.

Saturday, 14 March 2009

Phytosphingosine

Phytosphingosine helps protect the skin’s barrier to alleviate discomfort associated with dry, aging skin.

Phytosphingosine assists the following physiological functions:

  • Anti-microbial activity
  • PKC Inhibition effect
  • Anti-inflammation effect
  • Wound Healing effect
  • Anti-irritation effect : UV Induced Skin Actinic Erythema

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Phytosterols

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Pikea Robusta

Pikea Robusta reduces free radicals and protects against stress from the environment.

Pikea Robusta helps to inhibit the production of nitric oxide (directly related to the instigation of skin inflammation).

Monday, 3 August 2009

Pinanediol

Wednesday, 5 May 2010

Plankton

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Pleth-3 Phosphate

Sunday, 16 March 2008

Polyacrylamide

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Polyacrylate 13

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Polyacrylate-13

Friday, 26 June 2009

Polygonatum Multiflorum

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Polyhydroxystearic Acid

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Polyisobutene

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Polymethyl Methacrylate

Wednesday, 31 March 2010

Polyphenols

Polyphenols

Polyphenols are a group of chemical substances found in plants and can be divided into chemically-related subclasses called isoflavones (found in soy products), flavones (like naringenin from citrus fruits), flavonols (e.g., catechins from tea or cocoa), flavonols (e.g., quercetin from many fruits and vegetables), and anthocyanidins (from berries and grapes).

Polyphenols are also classified by the type and number of phenolic subcomponents present. More than one subcomponent can be present on a given polyphenol.

Phenolic subcomponents include phenol (coumaric acid), pyrocatechol (catechin, quercetin, caffeic and ferulic acid derived lignins, hydroxytyrosol esters), pyrogallol (gallocatechins (EGCG), tannins, myricetin, sinapyl alcohol derived lignins), resorcinol (resveratrol), phloroglucinol (found in almost all flavonoids) and hydroquinone (arbutin).

Polyphenols demonstrate photoprotective properties because they have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic activity.

Wednesday, 11 November 2009

Polypodium Leucotomos

Thursday, 26 June 2008

Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides give a tightening feeling to the skin.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Polysilicone

Tuesday, 25 November 2008

Polysorbate

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Polysorbate 20

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Polysorbate 60

Saturday, 21 February 2009

Pomegranate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Potassium Alum

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Potassium Olivate

Friday, 22 May 2009

Pro-Niacin™

Tuesday, 14 July 2009

Pro-Xylane

Pro-Xylane™ is the trademark name for hydroxypropyl tetrahydropyrantriol.

Pro-Xylane™ stimulates GAG synthesis, restoring water and nutrients to the dermal epidermal junction.

Within 4-12 weeks of use, Pro-Xylane markedly increases skin's elasticity and thickness for improvement in fine lines and wrinkles.

Sunday, 2 December 2007

Proanthocyanidins

Monday, 22 October 2007

Proline

Proline improves the natural defense processes of the skin by delivering an amino acid important to skin protein.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Propecia

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Proprietary Skin Care Ingredients/Technologies

Thursday, 18 December 2008

Propyl Gallate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Propylene Carbonate

Tuesday, 20 November 2007

Propylene Glycol

Monday, 10 September 2007

Propylparaben

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Proxiphen

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Psidium Guajava

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Punica Granatum Extract

Friday, 26 June 2009

Purified Water

Monday, 17 May 2010

Pycnogenol (Maritime Pine Bark Extract)

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Pyridoxine Dipalmitate

Thursday, 21 May 2009

Pyrus Malus (Apple)

Wednesday, 14 November 2007

Quercetin

Saturday, 21 February 2009

Quinic Acid

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Recombinant EGF

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Recombinant FGF

Friday, 20 April 2007

Red Clover

Sunday, 11 July 2010

Resorcinol

Sunday, 2 December 2007

Resveratrol

Tuesday, 28 April 2009

Retinaldehyde

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Retinoic Acid

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Retinol (Retinyl Palmitate)

Retinyl Palmitate is an antioxidant form of retinol that helps increase epidermal thickness and stimulate epidermal proteins to keep skin soft and plump.

Friday, 20 February 2009

Retinol (Skin Care Products Containing "Retinol")

Friday, 20 February 2009

Retinol (Vitamin A)

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Retinyl Acetate

Retinyl Acetate is a form of Vitamin A that helps restore cell integrity lost due to UV-rays and environmental exposure.

Helps restore sun damaged skin.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Revitacel

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Rosa Canina (Dog Rose) Fruit/Oil

Rosa Canina (Dog Rose) Hip Seed Oil is a natural lipid high in gamma-linolenic acid that enhances skin's hydration, barrier repair and moisture-retention abilities.

Tuesday, 27 May 2008

Rose

Rose may significantly reduce the damage to skin's elastin fibers, and associated wrinkling, caused by UVB rays.

Wednesday, 22 July 2009

Rosmarinic Acid

Thursday, 21 May 2009

Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary)

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Rubus Fruticosus (Blackberry) Leaf Extract

Monday, 15 June 2009

SD Alcohol

Also referred to as "alcohol denat." (denatured alcohol).

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

SD Alcohol 40B

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Saccharide Isomerate

Also known as Pentavitin.

Friday, 14 December 2007

Saccharine

Friday, 22 May 2009

Saccharomyces Cerevisiae

Sunday, 11 October 2009

Saccharomyces Ferment (Filtrate Lysate)

A product of biotechnology, Saccharomyces Ferment Filtrate Lysate is a yeast extract containing cytokines and growth factors that when topically applied stimulate elastin production, defends against the detrimental effects of ozone (which has an ability to deplete antioxidants in the skin) and improves the barrier function of the skin.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Saccharum Officinarum

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic Acid provides keratolytic activity to help open clogged sebaceous follicles.

Salicylic Acid helps dissolve the top layers of the stratum corneum cells and remove impurities, improving the look and feel of the skin.

Salicylic Acid also provides antiseptic and fungicidal action.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Salix Nigra (Willow)

Friday, 22 May 2009

Salvia Officinalis (Sage)

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Sambucus Nigra

Wednesday, 20 May 2009

Sandalwood

Santalum Album.

Sunday, 30 September 2007

Saponins

Friday, 26 June 2009

Sarcosine Potassium Aspartate

Tuesday, 3 March 2009

Scullcap (Scutellaria Baicalensis)

Tuesday, 3 March 2009

Sea Whip

Friday, 5 June 2009

Selenium

Selenium is a a gray crystalline nonmetal with semiconducting properties which is thought to exhibit anticancer properties.

The word originates in the early 19th century from modern Latin, from the Greek "selene" for "moon."

Inorganic forms of selenium are considered inferior to organic forms such as selenomethionine because they increase blood selenium concentration to a lesser extent.

Research suggests that selenium affects cancer risk in two ways.

  1. As an anti-oxidant, selenium can help protect the skin from damaging effects of free radicals.
  2. Selenium may also prevent or slow tumor growth — certain breakdown products of selenium are believed to prevent tumor growth by enhancing immune cell activity and suppressing development of blood vessels to the tumor.

Saturday, 29 December 2007

Selenomethionine

Selenomethionine is an analogue of the amino acid methionine which is thought to be bioavailable to the skin's own organic functioning if applied topically.

Selenomethionine is generally considered to be the best absorbed and utilized form of selenium.

Selenomethionine was used in the large scale cancer prevention trial in 1983, which demonstrated that taking a daily supplement containing 200 micrograms of selenium per day could lower the risk of developing prostate, lung, and colorectal cancer.

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Selenoproteins

Monday, 17 May 2010

Senna Alata

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Serine

Friday, 22 May 2009

Sesamum Indicum (Sesame)

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Shea Butter

Shea Butter comprises natural fatty acid glycerides obtained from the nuts of the Karité Tree.

A skin-softening emollient, it protects the skin from dehydration and other climatic influences.

Monday, 3 December 2007

Silica

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Silica Dimethyl Silylate

Monday, 10 September 2007

Silicates

Saturday, 2 May 2009

Silicone

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Silk

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Silk Amino Acids

Monday, 16 January 2012

Silymarin/Silybum

Silymarin/Silybum

Silymarin demonstrates anti-carcinogenic and anti-pruritic effects on the skin, but also holds great interest as a potential agent to reduce or ameliorate the liver toxicity caused by certain drugs employed by dermatologists.

Silymarin may be consumed as a vegetable, and as a systemic agent used in a concentrated manner has the virtue of having almost no side effects.

Silymarin has been seen to improve rosacea.

Review the Silymarin Monograph.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Simmondsia Chinesis

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Sodium Ascorbate

Tuesday, 25 November 2008

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate

Monday, 3 August 2009

Sodium Benzoate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Sodium Bisulfite

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Sodium Carboxymethyl Beta-Glucan

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Sodium Carboxymethyl Starch

Monday, 10 December 2007

Sodium Chloride

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Sodium Chondroitin Sulfate

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Sodium DNA

Saturday, 25 March 2006

Sodium Hyaluronate

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Sodium Lactate

Monday, 22 June 2009

Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate

Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate

Too much foam's a headache...


Reports of sensitivity to sodium laureth sulphate appear to be on the rise.

While sodium laureth sulphate cleansers are safe, and generally preferable to soaps, irrational and financially-motivated online scare-mongering about this ingredient is rife.

Subsequently, a new breed of skin care products have come into existence touting a flagrant lack of sodium laureth sulphate, or sodium laureth sulphate of petrochemical origin.

Providing it is free of impurities, petrochemically-derived sodium laureth sulphate is chemically identical to botanically-derived sodium laureth sulphate.

Claims Against Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate

Claims against sodium laureth sulphate are partly an attempt to insult big-business and derive from organic and natural skin care dialogues.

Within the realm of the (super)market, people are understandably wary that a shrinking number of multi-national companies providing dishwashing detergents are funneling their efforts (and ingredients) into the provision of facial cleansers, shampoos and toothpastes.

The development of seemingly contradictory products "free" of one ingredient or another nevertheless frequently gives rise to other irritating flaws in formulation.

Absence of sodium laureth sulphate does not automatically indicate a product is more suitable than another.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate Sensitivity

Rising rates of sodium laureth sulphate sensitivity are nevertheless a concern and possibly attributable to overuse.

In recent years the (super)market, department store and spa have been flooded by a large and ever-growing range of hair, body and hand washes with practical as well as lifestyle applications.

Cussons Imperial Leather Soap has been left for dead.

In times gone by, people were not cleansing their skins so liberally and frequently, and may have taken longer to bathe more deliberately.

Some Lux products (see Lux Glamourazzi Shower Gel and its ingredients) have exchanged sodium laureth sulphate with sodium pareth sulphate, possibly to mediate psychological or cutaneous concerns regarding the ingredient's increasing use.

Irritation and skin dehydration attributable to inappropriate cleansers (or overuse of certain cleansers) is certainly commonplace, but easy to prevent and correct.

Clinical Experiences with Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate Cleansers

Many skin complaints are seen to quickly recede or even vanish where cleanser use alone is modified to be more individually-fitting.

The majority of cleansers containing sodium laureth sulphate are a poor match for skin, primarily due to their relatively high alkalinity and tendency to foam heavily.

These two formulation properties challenge the equilibrium of the skin's barrier (which is not healthily alkaline) and, despite the substantial lather they produce, these cleansers do not cleanse deeply — they slip and slide superficially beneath a foamy show.

Sodium laureth sulphate cleansers typically provide an impression of efficient cleansing greater than what is actually occurring.

This ingredient characteristic has probably done much for its popularity because purported benefit in skin care products is generally preferred over actual.

The ingredient's behaviour also has great affinity with the time-poor mindset that besets many skin care users seeking rapid results because it is capable of quickly stripping oil and moisture.

Upon commencing use of shampoos not containing sodium laureth sulphate, or low-foaming shampoos, a few individuals have commented that they miss the cascading sound of heavy suds hitting the shower floor, but mostly they express a kind of liberation at having cleansed their scalps deeply for the first time.

This low or no-foaming method of cleansing the scalp improves the hair's volume by desincrusting the follicles of the same sebum and dead cells commonplace shampoos help fix in place to produce long-lasting lift without the use of additional styling products.

Interestingly, the shrinking number of non-American owned French and Italian skin care manufacturers (DIBI, OLOS) of which we have catalogued so far do not make such prominent use of sodium laureth sulphate, suggesting their native users do not welcome or require its cleansing character.

If there's time to siesta, there's likely to be time enough to cleanse thoroughly without sodium laureth sulphate!

Sound Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate Usage

Being surfactants common to dishwashing detergent, sodium laureth sulphate cleansers may have a tendency to excessively remove ceramides, cholesterol and essential fatty acids from the epidermis — the prime constituents required for healthy skin barrier function.

The same tendencies can make sodium laureth sulphate cleansers with near-neutral (or ideally slightly acidic pH) a potentially good fit for oily skin on the face and body, although not if that oiliness is the rebound effect of harsh cleansing.

Individuals with skin that is dry-prone to any degree, diets substantially lacking in essential fatty acids, and especially those taking cholesterol-lowering drugs should generally avoid cleansers containing sodium laureth sulphate.

Sodium laureth sulphate's alkaline nature also means it will remain on the skin unless it is rinsed very thoroughly — rinse at least 10 times at the basin to ensure it's removed.

If possible, and if you have the time, use a shampoo that doesn't contain sodium laureth sulphate, such as MD Rx Anti-Inflammatory Scalp Decongesting Cleanser, or re-purpose a suitable facial cleansing product as a shampoo.

Jan Marini C-ESTA Cleansing Gel and Jan Marini Bioclean have been used to relieve an itchy scalp and scalp acne, and, in an off-off-label use of Bioclean, Maltese dermatitis.

A small number of skin care products other than cleansers contain sodium laureth sulphate to assist penetration and/or cosmetically elegant wear.

Given that this ingredient is used to provoke irritation in tests designed to asses the anti-inflammatory properties of other ingredients, such products are not generally recommended — there are always better alternatives.

Foaming Cleansers Not Containing Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate

Effective cleansers that still produce foam (without the use of sodium laureth sulphate) are few and require some modifications to use to ensure they function as intended.

Jan Marini Bioclean is one option that makes use of natural saponins derived from Yucca.

Skinceuticals Foaming Cleanser is another alternative.

DermaVeen Soap Free Wash has a near-perfect pH of 5.5 and includes sodium laureth sulphate, but also contains a betaine cleanser and colloidal oatmeal (refer betaglucans) to help mitigate irritation.

Such products are generally intended for skin prone to sensitivity, but are superior and beneficial outside of that concern.

Treating Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate Problems

Avoid the use of sodium laureth sulphate by using a more appropriate facial cleanser.

Nymphae alba flower extract (available in Skinceuticals Epidermal Repair) may be used for short periods of time to treat itching, stinging and erythema caused by sodium laureth sulphate.

Gernetic Cells-Life, Synchro and Skinceuticals Skin Firming Cream greatly increase skin's resistance against irritation from facial cleansers of all descriptions and may be used on a permanent basis.

Further External Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate Information

Sodium Laureth Sulfate in Shampoo Causes Cancer — About.Com Urban Legends.

Hidden Dangers in Cosmetics by Matthew Probert from Continuum Magazine @ WhatIsAids.com

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate & Sodium Laureth Sulfate by Paula Begoun.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate SLS/SLES @ "Chemical Free Skin Care Campaign."

The Case Against Sodium Laureth Sulfate by Narelle Chenery, member of the Australian Society of Cosmetic Chemists.

Discussion of Sodium Lauryl Sulphate @ Vegetarian and Vegan Society of Queensland Forum.

Skin Care Products Containing Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate and Further Sodium Laureth Sulfate/Sulphate Notes

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Sodium Lauroyl Oat Amino Acids

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate

Saturday, 8 August 2009

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacetate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Sodium Metabisulfite

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Sodium Myreth Sulfate

Wednesday, 21 November 2007

Sodium PCA

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Sodium Palmitoyl Proline

Monday, 10 December 2007

Sodium Pareth Sulphate

Sodium pareth sulfate is a surfactant found in some detergent products such as hand or body washes, but not as commonly as other chemicals such as sodium laureth sulfate.

It may be derived from animals, and hence may not be suitable for use by vegetarians.

Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Sodium Polyacrylate

Monday, 6 July 2009

Sodium Polyaspartate

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Sodium Saccharin

Monday, 10 December 2007

Sodiums

Monday, 3 August 2009

Sorbic Acid

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Sorbitan Isostearate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Sorbitan Stearate

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Sorbitol

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Soy Isoflavones

Among the most important botanicals pertaining to skin care, soy isoflavones support the production of collagen and hyaluronate.

Systemically, nutrients from soy are currently thought to be among the most useful for slowing DNA and mitochondrial damage.

Skin care products containing whole soy and not the beneficial isolates of soy isoflavones can increase the likelihood of (and worsen pre-existing) hyperpigmentation.

After acute epidermal barrier disruption, soy-based products can significantly delay skin's recovery.

Soy-based products are sometimes used in mesotherapy.

Red clover is a plant similarly rich in isoflavones.

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Soybean

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Soybean Sterols

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Soydimonium Hydroxypropyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Spearmint

Tuesday, 6 November 2007

Spironolactone

Spironolactone is a prescription for the use as an oral diuretic.

There is no prescription monograph for topical cosmetic use and it is not systemically absorbed.

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Squalane

Squalane is occurs naturally in human skin sebum and acts to increase skin respiration while preventing water loss.

Squalane is a high-grade emollient derived from olive oil with excellent mechanical moisturizing properties.

Squalane hydrates and protects the skin from external aggressors.

7% squalane is available in La Roche-Posay Toleriane Soothing Protective Skincare Cream.

Neova Squalane contains 100% pure plant-derived squalane.

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Squalene

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Stearalkonium Chloride

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Stearamidopropyl Dimethylamine

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Steareth-16

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Steareth-2

Sunday, 5 July 2009

Stearic Acid

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Stearyl Alcohol

Monday, 6 July 2009

Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Sterols

Saturday, 21 February 2009

Strawberry

Tuesday, 20 November 2007

Sulfates/Sulphates

Sulfates/Sulphates are salts or esters of sulfuric acid, containing the anion SO42- or the divalent group -OSO 2 O-.

Also see sulfites.

Tuesday, 20 November 2007

Sulfites

Saturday, 15 August 2009

Sulfonic Acid

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Sunflower

Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Seed Oil is an extract valued for its rich content of essential fatty acids (EFAs), the lipids found in skin's intercellular fluid, that provide protection against dryness and aging.

Monday, 29 October 2007

Superoxide Dismutase

Tuesday, 23 June 2009

TECA

TECA = Titrated Extract of Centella Asiatica.

Monday, 10 September 2007

TGF — Transforming Growth Factor

Thursday, 23 July 2009

TNS (Tissue Nutrient Solution)

Tuesday, 23 June 2009

Talc

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Tallotrimonium Chloride

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Tartaric Acid

Monday, 10 September 2007

Telomerase Enzyme

Thursday, 27 May 2010

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate is a stable, lipid-soluble ester form of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), a free radical scavenger that fights aging symptoms in the skin while enhancing collagen production for firmer skin.

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate helps reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation and age spots.

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate is made by attaching 4 extra molecules to the corners of the naturally-occurring Vitamin C molecule.

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate is superior to Ascorbyl Palmitate where Ascorbic Acid is not tolerated or oxidized.

Monday, 10 September 2007

Tetrapeptides

Monday, 23 March 2009

Thermal Spring Water

Saturday, 2 December 2006

Thioctic Acid

Sunday, 11 July 2010

Thyme

Saturday, 25 March 2006

Titanium Dioxide

Wednesday, 22 July 2009

Tocopherol Succinate

Saturday, 2 December 2006

Tocopherol(s)

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Tocopheryl Acetate

Tocopheryl Acetate is moisturizing stabilized ester of Vitamin E with little to no antioxidant activity.

Tuesday, 7 July 2009

Tocopheryl Glucoside

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Tocopheryl Linoleate

Tocopheryl Linoleate is a Vitamin E and fatty acid derivative that helps keep the skin moist and supple by enhancing the skin's natural barrier to prevent moisture loss.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Tocotrienols

Tocotrienols are highly antioxidant isomers of Vitamin E, found naturally in vegetable oils and cereals.

Thursday, 1 April 2010

Trehalose

Trehalose

Selaginella lepidophylla is a desert plant which uses trehalose to come back to life after a period of dormancy forced upon it by dehydration. The plant may be purchased as a novelty-item in some countries. The time-lapse here is 3 hours after the plant being placed in a small bowl of water. The plant eventually regains a green colour and may recurl into a tight dry ball as required.


Also known as mycose and tremalose, trehalose is typically derived from ergot, a fungus (also see ergothioneine) which has been a source of various medicinal alkaloids with pronounced physiological effects.

Trehalose, morphine, quinine, atropine and strychnine may all be derived from ergot, although certain plants and invertebrate animals also synthesize these substances.

"Resurrection plants" (a category encompassing various ferns, plants growing in icy and desert regions, as above, and Asters) are known to use trehalose to withstand prolonged periods of desiccation before springing back to life in a rapid burst.

Similar to sodium hyaluronate, trehalose possesses a massive ability to retain water and can help strengthen a parched and weakened skin barrier.

Unlike sodium hyaluronate, trehalose also functions as an antioxidant.

Probably due to the cost of extracting the ingredient, trehalose is only available in a minority of more expensive products.

Although now discontinued, Kinerase Pro+ did produce an oral supplement containing 13 milligrams trehalose, similar to Vitamedica's AM + PM antioxidants.

In topical form, higher concentrations of trehalose are available in Nia24 Gentle Cleansing Cream, Kinerase Pro+ Ultra-Hydrating Repair Mask, Vivité Daily Antioxidant Facial Serum (prescription and then login only), RevaleSkin Day Cream SPF 15 and DCL Anti-Aging Hand Repair (available in approximately 2 months).

Clinique Medical also use trehalose in their formulae intended to enhance the outcomes of TCA peels.

A list of products and topics containing both trehalose and sodium hyaluronate/hyaluronic acid is available.

Thursday, 1 April 2010

Trehalose + Sodium Hyaluronate or Hyaluronic Acid

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Tribehenin

Tuesday, 5 August 2008

Triethanolamine

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Triethoxycaprylylsilane

Wednesday, 19 August 2009

Triglycerides

Triglycerides are emollients that soften, smoothe and retexturize the skin.

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Tripeptides

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Triterpenoids

Thursday, 21 May 2009

Triticum Vulgare

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Triundecanoin

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Tromethamine

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Tromethamine

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Troplone

Tuesday, 3 March 2009

Turmeric (Curcumalonga)

Wednesday, 22 July 2009

Tyrosine

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Ubiquinone (Co-Enzyme Q-10)

Ubiquinone (Co-Enzyme Q-10)

Discovered in 1957, Ubiquinone is any of a class of lipid vitamin-like compounds (substituted quinones) that occur in all living cells and that act as electron-transfer agents in cell respiration.

The word originates in the 1950s and is a blend of "ubiquitous" and "quinone."

The highest concentration is found on the inner membranes of mitochondria.

The most common CoQ in human mitochondria is Q10 (also known as Ubiquinone-50). The number refers to the number of isoprenoid side-chains.

The safety of Coenzyme Q10 was established in the mid-90s.

The adult human body pool of Coenzyme Q10 has been found to be approximately 2 grams and requiring replacement of about 0.5 grams/day, based on an average reservoir effect of approximately 4 days.

Synthesis decreases progressively after the age of 21.

While there are literally thousand of antioxidants, Ubiquinone is one of the most important antioxidants in the skin (along with Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Glutathione and Alpha Lipoic Acid) and the one depleted most readily by UV exposure.

In addition to the production of energy (ATP), Ubiquinone has been shown to provide antioxidant defense in excess of Vitamin C and Vitamin E.

Topically applied Ubiquinone can counteract free radical damage and provide significant protection against UVA-induced detrimental effects of photoaging, however as with oral Coenzyme Q10 supplements, the bioavailability from and effectiveness of many formulations is not known.

Prevage MD contains 1% Hydroxydecyl Ubiquinone (Idebenone), a molecule smaller than Coenzyme Q10, and has been shown to penetrate deeply and embed itself in skin cell membranes to provide protection against both environmentally and endogenously induced free radicals.

By EPF rating Hydroxydecyl Ubiquinone is the most powerful antioxidant available.

Higher concentrations of conventional ubiquinone are available in DCL YQ Stratum, Citrix Antioxidant Sunscreen, SkinMedica TNS Essential Serum and SPF 20, Neova Antioxidant Therapy Serum, Manganese Skin Brightening Serum and Eye Therapy.

Note: CoQ10 is not recommended in healthy pregnant women or nursing mothers due to a lack of data. Oral Coenzyme Q10 supplements may increase the glucose-lowering effect of diabetes medications and decrease the anticoagulant effect of warfarin. Check with your healthcare provider before using Coenzyme Q10 supplements.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Undaria Pinnatifida

Also known as Wakame, Undaria Pinnatifida is rich in sodium, iron, potassium, calcium, and vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12.

Undaria Pinnatifida is a hyaluronidase inhibitor which prevents the breakdown of hyaluronic acid and an elastase inhibitor which prevents the breakdown of elastin.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Undecylenoyl Phenylalanine

Wednesday, 16 May 2007

Urea

Urea has an excellent water-binding capability, and draws moisture into cells of the stratum corneum.

Friday, 22 May 2009

Urtica Dioica (Nettle)

Friday, 22 May 2009

Uva Ursi

Wednesday, 26 March 2008

VEGF (Vascular Endothelial/Epithelial Growth Factor)

Sunday, 2 December 2007

Vanilla

Thursday, 23 July 2009

Vegetable Oil

Monday, 10 September 2007

Vinyl Dimethicone

Tuesday, 27 July 2010

Vitamin C

See the node on vitamin c and antioxidants.

View only those skin care products containing vitamin c in the form of l-ascorbic acid.

Refer Vitamin C Derivatives in Skin Care.

Friday, 14 March 2008

Vitamin C as Ascorbyl Palmitate

Ascorbyl palmitate is considered stable and there is research showing it to be effective as an antioxidant.

Monday, 9 November 2009

Vitamin C as L-Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C as L-Ascorbic Acid is a potent antioxidant.

L-Ascorbic Acid is the only form of Vitamin C scientifically proven to produce significant results.

L-Ascorbic Acid stimulates collagen synthesis and plays an active role in the prevention of premature aging of the skin.

Like other antioxidants, it helps to prevent skin damage including photodamage and wrinkles by soaking up harmful free radicals.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Vitamin D3

Tuesday, 15 December 2009

Vitamin E

Vitamin E

Unless your skin is extremely oily or acne-prone, all facial skin care should make use of some degree of true Vitamin E (alpha tocopherol) and not a derivative.

Care of body and hand skin should always include true Vitamin E.


The benefits provided by Vitamin E have long been accepted.

Vitamin E is a tocopherol, the skin's most important lipid or fat-soluble antioxidant, and (if not topically supplemented) consistently found to be depleted in the upper layers to the skin's overall detriment.

Vitamin E has significant irreplaceable antioxidant functions, especially in cell membranes and lipoproteins.

It is important to keep skin cell membranes intact, otherwise the skin cells and their components are destroyed by environmental reactive oxygen species, deteriorating health and increasing the need for repair and premature renewal.

Topically applied Vitamin E works with your body's own Vitamin C stores, allowing the two to work in synergy.

Vitamin E is recognised as an anti-oxidant that can help prevent the formation of lipid peroxides and UV-induced free radicals.

As an antioxidant, it protects other fat-soluble vitamins and other skin elements from oxidative damage to provide generally enhanced and prolonged skin protection.

Vitamin E lasts longer in the skin than other primarily important antioxidants, Vitamin C and Ubiquinone (Co-Enzyme Q10).

Cosmetic Benefits of Vitamin E

Vitamin E is also known to improve the appearance of age spots, increase elasticity and skin barrier function, and help smooth fine lines and wrinkles.

Vitamin E:

  • is necessary for tissue repair;
  • a natural anticoagulant;
  • promotes healing.

Vitamin E can also help reduce the appearance of some of the wrinkling and reddening of the skin associated with the effects of UV-B exposure.

Useful Vitamin E

The predominant form of vitamin E in human and animal tissues is alpha tocopherol.

Alpha tocopherol comprises about 90% of the tocopherols in animal tissues and displays the greatest biological activity in most bioassay systems.

The empirical formula for vitamin E or alpha tocopherol is C29H50O2.

Other Names for Vitamin E

Other names used for vitamin E are mixed tocopherols, d-alpha tocopherol or DL-alpha tocopherol.

Tocopherol is the form the body uses.

Unlike L-ascorbic acid, alpha tocopherol is not an inherently unstable molecule, but vitamin E requires vitamin C in order to replenish itself along with trace elements such as selenium.

D-alpha-Tocopherol is considered to be the biologically most active form of Vitamin E.

Vitamin E Derivatives

Vitamin E derivatives do not have the antioxidant effects of pure vitamin E or alpha tocopherol, because they are not primary antioxidants.

Cosmetic companies often (mis)use the term "vitamin E" to refer to a derivative.

The best suggestion is to read the ingredient list and to know what vitamin E really is: alpha tocopherol.

While this is the only form of vitamin E the body can use, there are nevertheless many derivatives that are used in cosmetic formulations.

Vitamin E derivatives are primarily moisturizing emollients and not antioxidants.

Non-Antioxidant Vitamin Es

Tocopheryl acetate (the ester of acetic acid) is the predominant example of emollient and non-antioxidant "Vitamin E."

Tocopheryl acetate is probably used as an alternative to tocopherol itself because the phenolic hydroxyl group is blocked, providing a less acidic product.

Any Vitamin E not specifically designated as mixed tocopherols, d-alpha tocopherol or DL-alpha tocopherol should not be considered true antioxidant Vitamin E.

These natural Vitamin Es will always be more bioavailable and useful than synthetic vitamin Es.

Undesirable Vitamin E in Skin Care

Vitamin E Drops

Do not apply the contents of Vitamin E capsules to skin.

Dietary Vitamin E is intended for digestion, and will coat skin like Vaseline rather than be considerably absorbed to its benefit.

Moreover, this un-miscellized Vitamin E is associated with skin irritation and a greater tendency to scar in around one third of people.

Pure Vitamin E drops sold for topical application typically contain oil identical to that found in supplements and have the same problems, although they make for superior lip balms.

Excess Vitamin E can also be harmful.

Optimal Skin Care with Vitamin E

Unless your skin is extremely oily or acne-prone (Vitamin E is found in sebum) all skin care should make use of some degree of true Vitamin E.

Care of body and hand skin should always include true Vitamin E.

Vitamin E Skin Care Products/References

Monday, 3 August 2009

Vitamin K

Vitamin K, also known as phytonadione, prevents and erases bruising.

It is most effective in formulas designed to decrease dark circles under the eyes.

See the Vitamin K definition.

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Vitex Agnus Castus Extract

Tuesday, 19 February 2008

Vitis Vinifera (Grape Seed)

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Vitreoscilla Ferment

Saturday, 21 February 2009

White Tea

Monday, 10 September 2007

Xanthan Gum

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Xylitol

Xylitol is a natural sugar that has the ability to entrap free water molecules and stimulate the skin’s natural production of hyaluronic acid, while increasing ceramide production and skin’s water content.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Xylitylglucoside

Xylitylglucoside is a natural sugar that has the ability to entrap free water molecules and stimulate the skin’s natural production of hyaluronic acid, while increasing ceramide production and skin’s water content.

Tuesday, 27 November 2007

Yeast (Faex)

Wednesday, 20 May 2009

Ylang Ylang

Cananga Odorata.

Sunday, 30 September 2007

Yucca

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Z-Cote

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Zea Mays (Corn)

Friday, 12 February 2010

Zeatin

Zeatin is a plant hormone derived from the purine adenine.

It is a member of the plant growth hormone family known as cytokinins.

Zeatin was first discovered in immature corn kernels from the genus Zea.

Zeatin and derivatives were discovered to be the primary active ingredient in coconut milk, which has long been known to actively induce plant growth.

As in the case of kinetin, zeatin has also been reported to have several in vitro anti-aging effects on human skin fibroblasts.

Saturday, 2 December 2006

Zinc

Saturday, 27 June 2009

Zinc Carbonate

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Zinc Chloride

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Zinc Gluconate

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Zinc Oxide

Zinc oxide is a physical sunscreen ingredient.

Tuesday, 16 June 2009

Zinc PCA

Monday, 4 August 2008

Zinc Sulphate/Sulfate

Tuesday, 13 October 2009

Zizyphus Jujuba Fruit Extract

Related Skin Care Information, Products and Expert Discussions

Sea & Ski

La Mer

Ti-Tan

Yu-Be

Ego


Retin-A ™ : Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Extract : Obagi Clenziderm : Obagi-C Rx : Obagi Nu-Derm : Obagi Professional-C : Face : Feet : Hands : vitiligo : PhotoMedex : Mature Skin : Intolerant Skin : cleansers : Niadyne : Combination Skin : Solenne : Scars : Account Login : Extremely Dry Skin : Fish Oil Supplements : Body Moisturizers : Body Washes : Soaps : Body Skin Care : Skin Conditions : Polymorphous Light Eruption : Ethocyn : Valeant Pharmaceuticals : Kinerase Pro+ : Kinerase Clear Skin : Fallene : Sagging Skin : Chemical Peels : Dermabrasion : Exfoliants : Sun Protection Factor or SPF : Skin Tone : skin aging : MD Lash Factor : Skin Irritation : Cross-Hatched Wrinkles : Crepey Skin : Thin Skin : Elastiderm : Skin Care and Treatment Directory : Estion : Elta MD : Cotz by Fallene : Chantal Ethocyn : Aveeno : Seaweed : Skin Allergy : Preservatives : Skin Discoloration : Allergan : Stiefel : Physics : Chemistry : Biology : Rainbow : Colours : Phototherapy : Sun Spots : Radiation : Photoprotective Antioxidants : Photons : Limp Hair : Laser / Lazer : Infrared Radiation/Light : The Sun : Atmosphere : Invisible Zinc : Megan Gale : N.V. Perricone Cosmeceuticals : Germaine Greer : Proactiv : Stretch Marks : Nivea : Hair Sunscreens : Pantene : YSL Beauté : L'Oreal : Body Cleansers : Rejuvenating Skin Care : Firming Skin Care : Adequate Sun Protection : Skin Ethnicity : Melasma : Sun Damaged Skin : Make-Up : Vitamin C Derivatives : Skin Resurfacing : Optimal Skin Hydration : Barrier creams : Prescription Retinoids : Neutrogena : Methylsulfonylmethane : Shampoos : Vaseline : Shisheido : DermaVeen : Atopic Dermatitis : Tracie Martyn : Absurd Skin Care Treatments : Irrational Skin Care Fears : Advanced Usages : Skin Care and Treatments Support : Jan Marini vs. Skinceuticals : Normal Desmond : Aging Crises : Computer Screen Radiation — Dermatitis/Aging/Skin Disorders : Skin Congestion (Congested Skin) : Oily Skin : Traumatised Skin : Sensitive Skin : Exfoliation : Dry Skin : Acne : Retinoids : Rosacea : Acne : Glycolic Acid : Wrinkles : Skin Texture : Seborrheic Keratosis : Photoaging : Photoprotection : Hyperpigmentation : Australian Cancer Council : ZinClear : Hair Loss : Seresis : French Skin Care : Denham Harman : Paula Begoun : Idebenol : Mustela : Ego : Pevonia : Yonka : Clinique : Telomerase : Exuviance by Neostrata : Eucerin : eShave : Eminence : Elon : DS Laboratories : Dr. Dan's : Dr. Carolyn Collection : Dr. Brandt : Donell : Doak Dermatologics : DML : DHS : DermaNew : DDF : Credentials : CosMedix : Colorescience : Clarisonic : City Cosmetics : Citrix : Caudalie : Carmex : California Baby : C'watre : Blue Lizard : Bliss : Blinc : Tineacide by Blaine Labs : Biomedic : Bioelements : Bikini Zone : Belli Cosmetics : Basis : Babor : B. Kamins : Avene : Aquaphor Ointment : Aquanil : AmLactin : Allerderm : Air Stocking : Ahava : Afirm Pure Retinol (Newly Available) : Ultraceuticals : Archives : Skin Care Products/Topics - New or Updated within the Last 7 Days : Clinical Skin Care Topics : Skin Care Patient and Client Questions : Jan Marini : Skinceuticals : Darphin : Gernetic : Decleor : Skin Condition Treatments by Jan Marini : Skin Care : Skin Care and Dermatological Glossary : Skin Care Procedures, Protocols and Topics : Google Sitemap : Skin Care by Ingredients : Robots TXT : Thankyou : Puffy Eyes — Treatment Protocols and Solutions : Eczema Treatments : Skin Care News : La Prairie : Ingrown Hairs — About, Removal and Treatment : Plastic Surgery — Procedures/Protocols/Topics : Firming Skin Care Treatments : Stretch Marks — Treatment : Facial Cleansers : Sunscreens : Skin Care — March 2006 : Antioxidants : Skin Care — April 2006 : Moisturizers : Glycolic Acid : Retinol : Hyperkeratosis Treatments : Adult Acne : Strivectin : Cellex-C : Dermalogica : Dermablend : Acne Scar Treatments : Open Pores — Treatment and Prevention : Topical Booster Serums : Skin Cancer : Skin Care — May 2006 : Skin Care — June 2006 : Skin Care — July 2006 : Keratosis Pilaris : Swiss Perfection : Mavala : Cellulite Treatments : Neostrata : Skin Care — August 2006 : Toners : Ingrown Hairs : Freckles : Sagging Jowls : Open Pore Treatments : Eyelid Toning : Wedding Links : Dark Circles : Skin Care — September 2006 : Cetaphil : La Roche-Posay : Glyderm : Skin Care — October 2006 : Kinerase : Scalp Acne : Itchy Scalp : Skin Care — November 2006 : IS Clinical : Skin Care — December 2006 : Melbourne Dermatology — Reviews/Studies/Results/Usages : Skin Care: January 2007 : Phytomer : Priori : Skin Care: February 2007 : Dibi Italy : Olos Aromatherapy Italy : Becos : FisioCenter : Solarium : Decoderm : Contessa Mathelda Terme di Casciana : Kilili : Spazio Uomo : Slim Form : Sinus : Dr. Mullerk : Previderm : Thalmer : Obagi : Skin Care: March 2007 : Topix : Glytone : Alyria : Elta : Revision Skincare : Medical Cosmetic Treatments : Prevage : Skin Care: April 2007 : Guinot : Skin Care: May 2007 : Advanced Use: Perfect Skin — Medical Dermatological Protocols : Skin Care: June 2007 : Specialised Skin Treatments : Clinical Cosmetic Dermatology Documents : No Longer Available : Skin Care: July 2007 : J. F. Lazartigue : Phytologie Phyto Hair Care : Sovage : Skin Care: August 2007 : Skin Care: September 2007 : Amatokin (by Imaginary "Voss" Laboratories) : Klein Becker — Reference List : Basic Research — Reference List : Epionce : MD Rx : Thiotaine : MD Formulations : ID Bare Escentuals : Cellcosmet : Zirh : Allpresan : Alphaderma : Amazing Cosmetics : Amino Genesis : Anthony Logistics : Astara : Azure : Blinc Kiss Me Mascara : Cargo : Carita : Cellular Skin Rx : Dermatix : Donell Super Skin : Dr. Michelle Copeland Skincare : Dr. Hauschka : Dr. Irene Eris : Dr. Renaud : Dremu Oil : Ellen Lange : EmerginC : Fake Bake : Ferox : Freeze 24-7 : Fusion Beauty : Gatineau : Gehwol : Glominerals : Glyquin : Go Smile : Hydropeptide : Hylexin : Ice Elements : Jane Iredale : Joey New York : John Masters : Juara : Juice Beauty : Julie Hewitt : Jurlique : Juvena : Kate Somerville : L'Occitane : Lumedia : MaMa Lotion : MD Skincare : Murad : Nailtiques : NaturDerm : Ole Henricksen : Orlane : Osea : PCA Skin : Peter Thomas Roth : pH Advantage : Pure Skin PSF : Remergent : Revitalash : Rosebud : Rosie Jane : Skin Source : Skin Tx : SkinMedica : Sothys : St. Tropez : Sundari : Supersmile : Talika : Tanda : Tend Skin : Thalgo : Too Faced : True Cosmetics : Tweezerman : Valmont : Vivier : Z. Bigatti : Zeno Acne Device : Cica-Care : Kosmea : Contact Melbourne Dermatology : Olay : Skin Care: October 2007 : Clarins : Skin Tx Skin Treatment System : Baby Quasar : Tan Towel : Tanda Anti-Aging Light Therapy : Suki : Lightstim Photorejuvenation : Skin Nutrition — Diet for Healthy Skin : A : B : C : D : E : F : G : H : I : J : K : L : M : N : O : P : Q : R : S : T : U : V : W : X : Y : Z : Skin Care Companies : Algoane : Skin Biology by Loren Pickart : How To Be A Skin Care Failure : Back Acne : Skin Care: November 2007 : Smoking : Rene Furterer : Tazorac : Vivité : Athena Cosmetics : Skin Care: December 2007 : Lux : Hamilton : Nia 24 : Selenium : Free Radicals : Skin Care: January 2008 : LiLash : Ascorbic Acid : myBlend by Dr. Oliver Courtin : Ascorbyl Palmitate : Skin Care: February 2008 : Skin Care: March 2008 : Vitamin D : Stem Cells : Oxygen Skin Care : Healthy Skin Barrier Function : Skin Structure (Normal Skin) : Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) : Aging Skin : Natural Skin Care : Italian Skin Care : Aging Hands : Anti-Inflammatories : Photoprotective Antioxidants : Dry Hands : Deep Wrinkles : Fine Lines : Dehydrated Skin : Chin Skin : Skin Care: April 2008 : Tacrolimus : Skin Care: May 2008 : Skin Care: June 2008 : Danné Montague-King : Dr. Nicholas Perricone : Elemis : La Mer : Lips : Hair : Skin Care: July 2008 : RevaleSkin — CoffeeBerry Extract : Skin Care: August 2008 : Skin Care Brands : Obagi vs. Skinceuticals : Skin Care: September 2008 : Estradiol : Menopausal Skin : Estrogen : Skin Care: October 2008 : Skin Care: November 2008 : Bakel : Lavender : Skin Care: December 2008 : Skincare Algorithms : Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate : Avobenzone : Skin Care: January 2009 : Sun Exposure : Light : Skin Care: February 2009 : Ultraviolet : Clinique Medical : Skin Care: March 2009 : Latisse : Exercise : DCL : Fungal Free Nails : Glycolix : Great Lips Rx : Heliocare : K-Derm : King Care : Linda Sy : L-M-X Lidocaine : Nectifirm : Neoceuticals : Neocutis : Neova : Nickel Solution : Nordic Naturals : Obagi Rx : OC Eight : PCA Skin: Physician's Choice of Arizona : Pentaxyl : PFB Vanish : Prevage MD : Rejuvi : Replenix : Revitalash MD : Scarguard : Sea & Ski : SesDerma : Solbar : South Beach RDA : Striae Stretch Mark Cream : SunSpot : Teamine : Theraplex : Therapon : Ti-Silc : Ti-Tan : TNS : Tricomin : VitaMedica : Zeno : ZenoMD : Phloretin : Vitamin C as Ascorbic Acid : Vitamin E as Alpha Tocopherol : Ferulic Acid : Topical Antioxidant Combinations : Thymine Dimer Formation : Matrix Metalloproteinase Expression : p53 Protein Expression : Sunburn Cell Formation : Photodamage : Canderm : Olay Regenerist : Ask : Pollution : arNox : Ask A Question : Pierre Fabre : Soften Skin : Skin Care: April 2009 : CeraVe : Blackmores : Niko Skin Care : Bull Frog : Anthelios : Mexoryl : Skin Care: May 2009 : Combray : Actifirm : Ageless Beauty : Athanor : Babor : Barielle : Benev : Billion Dollar Brows : Cor Silver : Equavie : Hormeta : Glymed : Glymed Plus : John Masters : Kimberley Sayer : Leaf & Rusher : Limage : MCK Labs : Osmotics : Pangea : Follique : Phyto Hair : Promaxyl : Rejudicare FX : Relastin : Robelyn Labs : Rodial : Sjal : Skyn Iceland : Skyn : Sophyto : Stem Organics : Susan Posnick : Tess : Velds : Weleda : Whiter Image : YESforLOV : Yu-Be : Zo Skin Health : RevaléSkin : Coffeeberry : Myristyl Nicotinate : Niacin : Frederic Fekkai : ProCyte : Z-Silc : Matrixyl : Skin Care: June 2009 : Centella Asiatica : Cosmedicine : Natural Instinct ("Natural" and "Organic" Skin Care) : Melbourne Dermatology Skin Care YouTube Channel : Dennis Gay (Basic Research, Strivectin et al.) : Mineral Makeup : Dermatologist Questions and Answers : Obagi Rosaclear : Peptides : ReVivé : Pyratine-6 : Kinetin : Niacinamide : Viscontour : Perricone MD : Skin Care: July 2009 : Oxido Reductases : Human Fibroblast Conditioned Media : Tocopherols : Green Tea : M LAB : Skin Care: August 2009 : Red Skin : Skin Care: September 2009 : Asiaticoside : Remedy Cx : Carnosine : Kinerase PhotoFacials : Skin Care: October 2009 : Skin Care: November 2009 : Skin Care: December 2009 : Skin Care: January 2010 : Skin Care: February 2010 : Skin Care: March 2010 : Skin Care: April 2010 : Skin Care: May 2010 : Skin Care: June 2010 : Skin Care: July 2010 : Psycodermatology : Canyon Ranch — Available Last Quarter 2010 : Skin Care: August 2010 : Dermatological Compounding : Skin Care: September 2010 : Skin Care: October 2010 : Skin Care: November 2010 : Skin Care: December 2010 : Skin Care: 2016 : Skin Care: May 2011 : Skin Care: June 2011 : Skin Care: July 2011 : Skin Care: August 2011 : Skin Care: January 2012 : Open Pores — Documents from 2007-2013 :


New/Notable 2016

Open Pores — Treatment and Prevention

MD Rx Melbourne Dermatology Open Pores Overnight Solution

The Sun

Radiation

Mexoryl

Pentapeptides Ineffective

Asiaticoside vs. Madecassoside for Collagen Synthesis

La Roche-Posay Redermic

Valeant Pharmaceuticals

Rainbow

Telomerase

Azelaic Acid

Bisabolol

Avena Sativa

Panthenol

Aster Family of Plants

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Extract

Polyphenols

Caffeine

Oxofulleram

Salicylic Acid

Capryloyl Salicylic Acid

Open Pores

Phytosphingosine

Glycerin

Idebenone

Ascorbyl Palmitate

Kojic Acid

Algorithm for Optimal Sustained Exfoliation: Glycolic Acid

Comparison of 33 Sunscreens