Skin Care and Treatments of Melbourne Dermatology - Dry Skin

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Dry Skin

Dry Skin

In reality all skin — including the oiliest of skin — is more or less dry/more or less moist.

For all practical purposes, no skin type can approach being "too moist."

Skin care usage based on conventional skin type descriptions (oily/dry/acne/sensitive etc.) fail skin's health needs.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009

Ceramide 3

Kinerase Pro Plus with Ceramide 3

Approximately 40-50% of a healthy skin's stratum corneum is composed of ceramides, a kind of lipid composed of sphingosine and fatty acid which the skin needs to hold onto water and function correctly.

The use of glycolic acid, cholesterol-lowering medications, cleansers containing sulphates (particularly sodium lauryl sulfate), retinoids and microdermabrasion can reduce skin's ceramide content, leading to drier, uncomfortable skin which repairs itself and responds to active ingredients less efficiently.

For years, it was assumed that ceramides were purely structural elements. One of the most fascinating aspects of ceramide is that it can act as a signaling molecule. The most well-known functions of ceramides as cellular signals include regulating the differentiation, proliferation, programmed cell death and apoptosis of cells.

Ceramide 3 is a human skin-identical ceramide which helps repair and protect skin prone to sensitivity or dryness.

Unlike occlusive moisturizers (e.g. "natural" and mineral oils) and humectants (e.g. sodium hyaluronate) which are only effective so long as they remain on skin, daily application of Ceramide 3 to skin builds up over time to create more persistently humid skin.

Products formulated with Ceramide 3 include Kinerase Pro+ Therapy Cream, Kinerase Pro+ Ultra Rich Night Repair, Nia24 Intensive Recovery Complex and Colorescience F.A.C.E. Liquid Foundations. Several SkinMedica products also contain Ceramide 3 (SkinMedica TNS Hydrating Masque, Ultimate Daily Moisturizer, Body Lotion, SPF 20 and SPF 30).

Millet is a natural source of ceramides, found in Prevage MD and SkinMedica Dermal Repair Cream.

Products containing growth factors (SkinMedica TNS, Citrix CRS), cholecalciferol (PCA pHaze 16+ C-Strength 20%, Exuviance Vespera Bionic Serum) and niacinamide (Nia24, La Roche-Posay Rosaliac) are also claimed to stimulate ceramide production within the skin.

To avoid stripping the skin of ceramides and the other lipids it needs for healthy function, choose gentle cleansers and consider using products containing lipohydroxy and/or lactic acid instead of glycolic acid.

Dietary modifications and supplements (VitaMedica Flax Seed Oil, VitaMedica Dry Skin Formula) can also help enhance the condition of skin prone to dryness or irritation.

Reference: Menon GK, Norlen L. Stratum corneum ceramides and their role in skin barrier function. In: Leyden JJ, Rawlings AV, eds. Skin Moisturization. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2002:31—60.

Monday, 29 June 2009

Dry Mature Skin

Thursday, 9 July 2009

Dry Body Skin

Monday, 9 June 2008

Instructions for Absolute Rehydration of Dry and Stressed Skin

For absolute rehydration of the most dry and stressed skin, apply a few drops of Skinceuticals Hydrating B5 Gel to cleansed skin, allow to rest a few minutes then massage a generous amount of Skinceuticals Hydra Balm, Gernetic Synchro or Cytobi into skin until complete penetration (which may take up to 5 minutes), and complete the layered treatment with a moderate layer of Skinceuticals Hydrating B5 Mask.

The deeply rehydrating effect of this protocol will last for 3-5 days in the absence of inappropriate, dehydrating skincare or procedures.

Thursday, 1 April 2010

Glycolic Acid

Glycolic Acid, the smallest molecule of the AHAs, accelerates the skin’s own natural shedding process.

Known as the exfoliant of choice, glycolic acid helps smooth the surface of dry, sun-damaged or aging skin, improving roughness and minimizing fine lines by removing the build-up of dead skin cells on the surface of the skin.

Friday, 13 June 2008

Dry Winter Skin Treatment

Dry Winter Skin Treatment

Dry winter skin results from a lack of water in the skin — specifically in the outer layer of skin cells known as the stratum corneum — originating largely from environmental and skin care factors. The most rudimentary dry winter skin treatment focuses on re-establishing water levels in the stratum corneum above all else.


Like any organ, the physical functioning of skin that's dry is well below par in general — no firming, otherwise rejuvenating, "anti-aging" or antioxidant treatment will function as well when skin is dry.

Aesthetically, dry winter skin appears immediately less soft, firm and flexible, and is generally less resistant to any and all forms and degrees of deterioration.

At worst, dry winter skin is a prime symptom of eczema, ichtyosis and hyperkeratosis.

In reality all skin — including oily skin afflicted by acne — is drier in winter than at other times. For all practical purposes, no skin type can approach being "too moist." Skin care usage based on conventional skin type descriptions (oily/dry/acne/sensitive etc.) fails skin's health needs and appearance potential by unnecessarily curtailing hydration year round.

To avoid losses in skin quality, sustain and build on the benefits of skin care and treatment established in warmer times by avoiding any drop in your skin's hydration levels.

Prevention is better than treatment, so avoid encouraging dry skin through:

A few people still use soap, all forms of which, including "cleansing bars" marketed as not being soap (such as that used in the Clinique 3-Step System), are a one way ticket to skin that's measurably drier than it need be.

Reverse-cycle air conditioning, hot water and, ironically, hyaluronic acid/sodium hyaluronate, can also draw moisture from the skin by evaporation and unwanted hygroscopic actions.

Unless you are sub-clinically dehydrated or worse, drinking "a lot of water" has zero effect on dry skin, or your skin's health in general.

While they aren't a complete answer to dry winter skin treatment alone, emollients are:

  • the standard stand-alone treatment for all dry and/or scaly winter skin conditions and

  • easy to use.

Emollients smooth, soothe and hydrate dry winter skin.

Emollients need to be applied frequently (at least twice daily) to be effective.

If you've accrued more than 12 months' consistent personal Tewameter data tied to uninterrupted use of only your prescribed skincare, winter is the ideal time to have your use tailored to extract better therapy from another of the emollients analysed for their active and passive hydrating properties.

Not all emollients are the same — single emollients (for example, Vaseline) and combinations of emollients (moisturizers generally) have different therapeutic, aesthetic and sensory properties:

  • some skins respond better to some emollients than others;

  • in winter weather, some moisturizers, such as Darphin Hydraskin Light, are a poor choice for all skin types;

  • the most effective emollients, if used alone or with few other skin care ingredients, are relatively unpleasant to use, particularly for extended periods of time.

For more information surrounding dry winter skin treatment:

If taking cholesterol-lowering drugs, refer ideal cleansing for patients taking cholesterol-lowering drugs.

For dry hands, refer dry hands.

Wednesday, 26 March 2008

Use of Sodium Laureth Sulphate/Sulfate Cleansers by Individuals with Dry Skin

Individuals with skin that is dry-prone to any degree, diets substantially lacking in essential fatty acids, and especially those taking cholesterol-lowering drugs should generally avoid cleansers containing sodium laureth sulphate.

Refer facial cleansers, sodium laureth sulphate and healthy skin barrier function.

Friday, 24 July 2009

Ideal Cleansing for Patients with Dry Skin Taking Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs

Patients taking cholesterol-lowering drugs should generally avoid cleansers containing sodium laureth sulphate.

Being surfactants common to dishwashing detergent, sodium laureth sulphate cleansers may have a tendency to excessively remove ceramides, cholesterol and essential fatty acids from the epidermis — the prime constituents required for healthy skin barrier function.

Thursday, 3 April 2008

Treatment of Dry Skin on the Chin

Skinceuticals Intense Line Defense for Dry Skin Treatment    ^gernetic Synchro — Dry Chin Skin

I have extremely dry skin on my chin.

It has been there for about one to two years.

I rub the chin all of the time to get rid of it, but that does not work.

What do i buy to get rid of this dry skin?


You can use one of the following every evening for a few weeks to eliminate extremely dry skin on the chin:

Skinceuticals Intense Line Defense

or

GERnétic Synchro Cream

mixed with an equal quantity of GERnétic Immuno.

Please note that:

  • A preliminary skin care prescription should not remain in unaltered use beyond approximately four months;

  • Gernetic products require a login and support account to order and should only be used in accordance with the Gernetic France Age Management Guide;

  • Feedback should be submitted in the first weeks of use, and ultimately never longer than once every four months.

Refer the general discussion surrounding dry skin and chin skin.

Monday, 9 June 2008

Effect of Skin Dehydration Concomitant with AHAs and Retinoids

The less moist the skin is the less beneficial activity can be derived or sustained from either alpha hydroxy acids or retinoids.

Problems pertaining to simultaneously reaching optimal hydration and sustainable exfoliation without side effects using alpha hydroxy acids are discussed within Realizing The Net Increase in Hydration Latent within Glycolic Acid.

Monday, 31 March 2008

Optimal Skin Hydration

Optimal Skin Hydration

Friday, 28 March 2008

Dry Hands

Dry Hands

Related Skin Care Information, Products and Expert Discussions

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New/Notable 2016

Open Pores — Treatment and Prevention

MD Rx Melbourne Dermatology Open Pores Overnight Solution

The Sun

Radiation

Mexoryl

Pentapeptides Ineffective

Asiaticoside vs. Madecassoside for Collagen Synthesis

La Roche-Posay Redermic

Valeant Pharmaceuticals

Rainbow

Telomerase

Azelaic Acid

Bisabolol

Avena Sativa

Panthenol

Aster Family of Plants

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Extract

Polyphenols

Caffeine

Oxofulleram

Salicylic Acid

Capryloyl Salicylic Acid

Open Pores

Phytosphingosine

Glycerin

Idebenone

Ascorbyl Palmitate

Kojic Acid

Algorithm for Optimal Sustained Exfoliation: Glycolic Acid

Comparison of 33 Sunscreens